Learn More
CONTEXT Abdominal obesity is a major risk factor for muscle insulin resistance. Mitochondria may play a key role in this etiology. OBJECTIVE Changes in muscle mitochondrial content and function were examined according to abdominal obesity and insulin sensitivity in men. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING The descriptive MitHyCal study was conducted on the general(More)
SCOPE In recent years, there has been a growing body of evidence pointing to an effect of vitamin D on muscle mass and function. Our aim was to investigate the combined effect of 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) with anabolic factors insulin and leucine on protein fractional synthesis rate (FSR) and regulation in the mouse C2C12 myotube. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Adequate protein intake is crucial to maintain muscle protein content in elderly subjects, but quality of dietary proteins should be considered. The aim was to determine whether soluble milk protein offers an original strategy to increase muscle anabolism in elderly subjects via a synergistic effect of fast-digesting proteins together(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that chronic consumption of trans MUFA may alter muscle insulin sensitivity. The major sources of dietary trans MUFA (dairy fat vs. industrially hydrogenated oils) have different isomeric profiles and thus probably different metabolic consequences. These effects may involve alterations in muscle mitochondrial oxidative(More)
Diabetes comorbidities include disabling peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and an increased risk of developing cancer. Antimitotic drugs, such as paclitaxel, are well known to facilitate the occurrence of peripheral neuropathy. Practitioners frequently observe the development or co-occurrence of enhanced DPN, especially cold sensitivity, in diabetic patients(More)
Immune cell infiltration of expanding adipose tissue during obesity and its role in insulin resistance has been described and involves chemokines. However, studies so far have focused on a single chemokine or its receptor (especially CCL2 and CCL5) whereas redundant functions of chemokines have been described. The objective of this work was to explore the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Age-related inflammation and insulin resistance (IR) have been implicated in the inability of old muscles to properly respond to anabolic stimuli such as amino acids (AA) or insulin. Since fatty acids can modulate inflammation and IR in muscle cells, we investigated the effect of palmitate-enriched diet and oleate-enriched diet on(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the musculoskeletal effects induced by ovariectomy-related fat mass deposition against the musculoskeletal effects caused by a high-fat diet. METHODS A group of adult female rats was ovariectomized and fed a control diet. Two additional groups were sham-operated and fed a control or a high-fat diet(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Inflammation and ectopic lipid deposition contribute to obesity-related insulin resistance (IR). Studies have shown that deficiency of the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) protects against the IR induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). We aimed to evaluate the relationship between HFD-related inflammation and lipid(More)
Obesity and aging are characterized by decreased insulin sensitivity (IS) and muscle protein synthesis. Intramuscular ceramide accumulation has been implicated in insulin resistance during obesity. We aimed to measure IS, muscle ceramide level, protein synthesis, and activation of intracellular signaling pathways involved in translation initiation in male(More)