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The genes coding for the two type I collagen chains, which are active selectively in osteoblasts, odontoblasts, fibroblasts, and some mesenchymal cells, constitute good models for studying the mechanisms responsible for the cell-specific activity of genes which are expressed in a small number of discrete cell types. To test whether separate genetic elements(More)
We have identified three DNase I-hypersensitive sites in chromatin between 15 and 17 kb upstream of the mouse pro alpha 2 (I) collagen gene. These sites were detected in cells that produce type I collagen but not in cells that do not express these genes. A construction containing the sequences from -17 kb to +54 bp of the mouse pro alpha 2 (I) collagen(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a global public health problem. There is now convincing evidence that CKD can be detected using simple laboratory tests, and that treatment can prevent or delay complications of decreased kidney function, slow the progression of kidney disease, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).(More)
TABLES Table 1. Prevalence of HCV infection in hemodialysis patients from various countries S8 Table 2. Summary Table of baseline characteristics of hemodialysis patients tested for HCV (EIA vs. NAT) S16 Table 3. Summary Table of testing for HCV in hemodialysis patients (EIA vs. NAT) S17 Table 4. Evidence Profile for diagnostic testing for HCV in(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant human erythropoietin is the standard treatment for anaemia related to chronic kidney disease, and its widespread use has been favoured by a very high therapeutic index. However, since 1998, more than 200 patients worldwide with chronic kidney disease treated in this way have developed neutralising antibodies to erythropoietin, causing(More)
Brown-Norway (BN) rats injected with HgCl2 develop a systemic autoimmune disease associated with a polyclonal B cell activation, due to autoreactive T cells specific for self-class II molecules, while Lewis (LEW) rats injected with HgCl2 do not exhibit autoimmunity and develop a non-antigen-specific, CD8-mediated immunosuppression assessed by a depression(More)
OBJECTIVE Retinopathy is an established microvascular complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but its independent relationship with macrovascular and other microvascular complications is less well defined across the spectrum of kidney disease in T2DM. We examined the prognostic value of retinopathy in assessing the risk of developing end-stage(More)