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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) including MMP-2 and MMP-9 play a major role in tumour invasion by proteolysing the extracellular matrix. Their activation, particularly that of MMP-9, is partly dependent on plasmin that is inhibited by TFPI-2 (tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2), a serine protease inhibitor whose gene expression is decreased in about(More)
Methylation of cytosine residues within the CpG dinucleotide in mammalian cells is an important mediator of gene expression, genome stability, X-chromosome inactivation, genomic imprinting, chromatin structure, and embryonic development. The majority of CpG sites in mammalian cells is methylated in a nonrandom fashion, raising the question of how DNA(More)
Thrombosis results in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) from cellular activation involving Fc receptors. In this study, the FcγRIIA 131RR genotype was found to increase the risk of thrombosis in HIT patients (odds ratio: 5.9; 95% confidence interval: 1.7-20). When platelet aggregation tests (PATs) were performed with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), a(More)
The steroid receptor RNA activator (SRA) has the unusual property to function as both a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) and a protein SRAP. SRA ncRNA is known to increase the activity of a range of nuclear receptors as well as the master regulator of muscle differentiation MyoD. The contribution of SRA to either a ncRNA or a protein is influenced by alternative(More)
Ionic channel activity is involved in fundamental cellular behaviour and participates in cancerous features such as proliferation, migration and invasion which in turn contribute to the metastatic process. In this study, we investigated the expression and role of voltage-gated sodium channels in non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines. Functional(More)
BACKGROUND The minimal structural requirements of low-molecular-weight heparins that determine the risk of developing heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) are not fully defined. OBJECTIVES The ability of enoxaparin-derived oligosaccharides (OS) to induce platelet activation and exposure of platelet-factor 4 (PF4) epitopes recognized by antibodies(More)
Emerging data indicate that serine proteases of the kallikrein family (KLK) are implicated in various human diseases, including carcinoma; however, kallikrein gene expression has never been investigated in lung cancer. Using RT-PCR and Western blotting, we demonstrated the expression of both KLK5 and KLK7, and their respective proteins (hK5 and hK7) in(More)
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2), a Kunitz-type serine proteinase inhibitor associated with the extracellular matrix, has been shown to reduce tumor invasion. In the present study we identified the presence of a complete CpG island region spanning exon 1 and the three transcription initiation sites. We demonstrate that DNA demethylation by(More)
Although p63 and MYC are important in the control of epidermal homeostasis, the underlying molecular mechanisms governing keratinocyte proliferation or differentiation downstream of these two genes are not completely understood. By analyzing the transcriptional changes and phenotypic consequences of the loss of either p63 or MYC in human developmentally(More)
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2) is a Kunitz-type serine proteinase inhibitor that inhibits plasmin-dependent activation of several metalloproteinases. Downregulation of TFPI-2 could thus enhance the invasive potential of neoplastic cells in several cancers, including lung cancer. In this study, TFPI-2 mRNA was measured using a real-time PCR(More)