Jérôme Poupiot

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Biomarkers are critically important for disease diagnosis and monitoring. In particular, close monitoring of disease evolution is eminently required for the evaluation of therapeutic treatments. Classical monitoring methods in muscular dystrophies are largely based on histological and molecular analyses of muscle biopsies. Such biopsies are invasive and(More)
Myostatin is a negative regulator of muscle mass whose inhibition has been proposed as a therapeutic strategy for muscle-wasting conditions. Indeed, blocking myostatin action through different strategies has proved beneficial for the pathophysiology of the dystrophin-deficient mdx mouse. In this report, we tested the inhibition of myostatin by AAV-mediated(More)
The tetracycline-controlled transcription system (Tet-on) is widely used to regulate gene expression in mammalian cells. In gene therapy applications, immune responses to Tet-on proteins such as the rtTA transcription factor have been reported, raising concerns about their occurrence in humans. To monitor the HLA class I cytolytic responses against Tet-on(More)
alpha-Sarcoglycanopathy (limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2D, LGMD2D) is a recessive muscular disorder caused by deficiency in alpha-sarcoglycan, a transmembrane protein part of the dystrophin-associated complex. To date, no treatment exists for this disease. We constructed recombinant pseudotype-1 adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors expressing the(More)
Calpainopathy (limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A, LGMD2A) is a recessive muscular disorder caused by deficiency in the calcium-dependent cysteine protease calpain 3. To date, no treatment exists for this disease. We evaluated the potential of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors for gene therapy in a murine model for LGMD2A. To drive the(More)
Gene transfer efficacy is limited by unwanted immunization against transgene products. In some models, immunization may be avoided by regulating transgene expression with mir142.3p target sequences. Yet, it is unclear if such a strategy controls T-cell responses following recombinant adeno-associated viral vector (rAAV)-mediated gene transfer, particularly(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A (LGMD2A) is an autosomal recessive muscular disorder caused by mutations in the gene coding for calpain 3, a calcium-dependent protease. We developed an in vitro assay that can detect the proteolytic activity of calpain 3 in a muscle sample. This assay is based on the use of an inactive calpain 3 as a substrate for(More)
Sarcoglycanopathies (SGP) are a group of autosomal recessive muscle disorders caused by primary mutations in one of the four sarcoglycan genes. The sarcoglycans (α-, β-, γ-, and δ-sarcoglycan) form a tetrameric complex at the muscle membrane that is part of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex and plays an essential role for membrane integrity during muscle(More)
Muscular dystrophies are a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous group of degenerative muscle diseases. A subset of them are due to genetic deficiencies in proteins which form the dystrophin-associated complex at the membrane of the myofibers. In this report, we utilized recombinant adeno-associated virus containing a U7 cassette carrying an(More)
Therapy-responsive biomarkers are an important and unmet need in the muscular dystrophy field where new treatments are currently in clinical trials. By using a comprehensive high-resolution mass spectrometry approach and western blot validation, we found that two fragments of the myofibrillar structural protein myomesin-3 (MYOM3) are abnormally present in(More)