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This study aims to describe the haemodynamic and survival characteristics of patients with pulmonary hypertension in the recently individualised syndrome of combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema. A retrospective multicentre study was conducted in 40 patients (38 males; age 68+/-9 yrs; 39 smokers) with combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema, and(More)
RATIONALE Portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) can be defined as elevation of pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance in the setting of portal hypertension. Survival results in PoPH are contrasting, and prognostic factors need to be identified. OBJECTIVES To analyze long-term survival in a large cohort of patients with PoPH with the(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine baseline characteristics and outcome, and to determine variables affecting survival in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with HIV infection (PAH-HIV) in the modern era of highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and specific PAH therapy. DESIGN Retrospective review of data from PAH-HIV patients(More)
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is defined by specific pathologic changes of the pulmonary veins. A definite diagnosis of PVOD thus requires a lung biopsy or pathologic examination of pulmonary explants or postmortem lung samples. However, lung biopsy is hazardous in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension, and there is a need for noninvasive(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the response to first-line immunosuppressive therapy with or without pulmonary vasodilators in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). METHODS Twenty-three consecutive patients with SLE- or MCTD-associated PAH treated with first-line(More)
RATIONALE Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) related to systemic sclerosis (SSc) has a poorer prognosis compared with other forms of PAH for reasons that remain unexplained. OBJECTIVES To identify risk factors of mortality in a well-characterized cohort of patients with PAH related to systemic sclerosis (SSc-PAH). METHODS Seventy-six consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a complication of pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) associated with increased mortality. However, outcomes and efficacy of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) therapies in patients with PH complicating PLCH(PLCH-PH) remain unknown. METHODS Consecutive patients with PLCH with PH(More)
RATIONALE Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) promotes the proliferation and migration of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), and may play a role in the progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a condition characterized by proliferation of PASMCs resulting in the obstruction of small pulmonary arteries. OBJECTIVES To analyze the(More)
The aim of the present study was to describe a large cohort of fenfluramine-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (fen-PAH) and its possible prognostic markers. The records of all patients with a diagnosis of fen-PAH evaluated at the present authors' centre from 1986-2004 were retrospectively studied. Baseline clinical and haemodynamic data were(More)
N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a marker of neurohormonal activation that is useful in the diagnosis and prognosis of various forms of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We sought to characterise and compare NT-proBNP in a cohort of PAH related to systemic sclerosis (PAH-SSc) and idiopathic PAH (IPAH) patients. NT-proBNP levels,(More)