Jérôme Gracy

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MOTIVATION Decomposing each protein into modular domains is a basic prerequisite to classify accurately structural units in biological molecules. Boundaries between domains are indicated by two similar amino acid sequence segments located within the same protein (repeats) or within homologous proteins at notably different distances from their respective N-(More)
The KNOTTIN database provides standardized information on the small disulfide-rich proteins with a knotted topology called knottins or inhibitor cystine knots. Static pages present the essential historical or recent results about knottin discoveries, sequences, structures, syntheses, folding, functions, applications and bibliography. New tools, KNOTER3D and(More)
MOTIVATION Genome sequencing projects require the periodic application of analysis tools that can classify and multiply align related protein sequence domains. Full automation of this task requires an efficient integration of similarity and alignment techniques. RESULTS We have developed a fully automated process that classifies entire protein sequence(More)
In this article, we will first introduce the squash inhibitor, a well established family of highly potent canonical serine proteinase inhibitors isolated from Cucurbitaceae. The squash inhibitors were among the first discovered proteins with the typical knottin fold shared by numerous peptides extracted from plants, animals and fungi. Knottins contain three(More)
The KNOTTIN website and database organize information about knottins or inhibitor cystine knots, small disulfide-rich proteins with a knotted topology. Thanks to their small size and high stability, knottins provide appealing scaffolds for protein engineering and drug design. Static pages present the main historical and recent results about knottin(More)
Present in various species, the knottins (also referred to as inhibitor cystine knots) constitute a group of extremely stable miniproteins with a plethora of biological activities. Owing to their small size and their high stability, knottins are considered as excellent leads or scaffolds in drug design. Two knottin families contain macrocyclic compounds,(More)
Phytopathogenic ascomycete fungi possess huge effector repertoires that are dominated by hundreds of sequence-unrelated small secreted proteins. The molecular function of these effectors and the evolutionary mechanisms that generate this tremendous number of singleton genes are largely unknown. To get a deeper understanding of fungal effectors, we(More)
Protein sequence alignments can be improved when at least one of the proteins to be aligned has a known 3-D structure. In this work, geometrical constraints extracted from the target fold are evaluated in independent units that deal with complementary structural features. This information is used to set up mutation tables specific to the locally observed(More)
Understanding receptor-ligand interactions, and the signal transduction pathways they activate, is of great interest for the discovery of novel antagonists and agonists. In this report we describe a rapid and efficient procedure to evaluate the importance of several different epidermal growth factor (EGF) residues for the binding and activation of its(More)