Jérôme Franques

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BACKGROUND Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by SETX mutations in 9q34 resulting in cerebellar ataxia in association with peripheral neuropathy, cerebellar atrophy on imaging, an elevated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) serum level, and occasional oculomotor apraxia. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To provide a detailed phenotypical description of seronegative patients with generalized myasthenia gravis and antibodies to clustered acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) and to assess their frequency amongst a French seronegative generalized myasthenia gravis (SNMG) population. METHODS A French SNMG database was created and the sera(More)
A woman with Crohn's disease developed acute neuropathy and concomitant encephalopathy while being treated with infliximab. The etiological investigations were negative. Infliximab was stopped and she was given four series of polyvalent immunoglobulin injections. Eighteen months later, the encephalitic symptoms had disappeared and the neuropathic symptoms(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the sensitivity and the profile of motor evoked potentials (MEP) in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). We measured the central motor conduction time (CMCT), amplitude ratio (AR), and surface ratio (SR) in tibialis anterior and first dorsal interosseous muscles(More)
OBJECT While occurrence of motor cortical reorganization has been clearly demonstrated in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), it is not yet clear whether this cortical reorganization constitutes a response to cortico-spinal lesions or to more diffuse damage affecting the neuronal network involved in motor act preparation, or both. We proposed to(More)
Mutations in the nebulin gene are the main cause of autosomal recessive nemaline myopathy, with clinical presentations ranging from mild to severe disease. We have previously reported a nonspecific distal myopathy caused by homozygous missense mutations in the nebulin gene in six Finnish patients from four different families. Here we describe three(More)
In this study we report three patients with facial-onset sensory and motor neuronopathy (FOSMN), including the first female to be described. A fourth rather atypical case of a pyramidal syndrome with a fast rate of progression is also described. These cases raise the question as to whether upper motor neuron impairment is involved in FOSMN and whether there(More)
BACKGROUND Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A disease (CMT1A) is a rare orphan inherited neuropathy caused by an autosomal dominant duplication of a gene encoding for the structural myelin protein PMP22, which induces abnormal Schwann cell differentiation and dysmyelination, eventually leading to axonal suffering then loss and muscle wasting. We favour the idea(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The 'snake eyes' sign refers to bilateral hyperintensities of the anterior horns on axial spinal cord imaging. Based on sporadic reports, it has been associated with a range of lower motor neuron (LMN) syndromes, such as spondylotic amyotrophy and Hirayama disease, as well as spinal cord infarction. The objective of our study was to(More)
Mutations in dynamin 2 (DNM2), an ubiquitously-expressed large GTPase, cause autosomal dominant centronuclear myopathy (DNM2-CNM) and AD Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2B (DNM2-CMT2B). We report a series of 5 patients from the same family who all presented with dominant centronuclear myopathy, mild cognitive impairment, mild axonal peripheral nerve(More)