Jérôme E. G. Guillemont

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The incidence of tuberculosis has been increasing substantially on a worldwide basis over the past decade, but no tuberculosis-specific drugs have been discovered in 40 years. We identified a diarylquinoline, R207910, that potently inhibits both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro (minimum inhibitory concentration 0.06(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is more prevalent in the world today than at any other time in human history. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the pathogen responsible for TB, uses diverse strategies to survive in a variety of host lesions and to evade immune surveillance. A key question is how robust are our approaches to discovering new TB drugs, and what measures could be(More)
Ideally, an anti-HIV drug should (1) be highly active against wild-type and mutant HIV without allowing breakthrough; (2) have high oral bioavailability and long elimination half-life, allowing once-daily oral treatment at low doses; (3) have minimal adverse effects; and (4) be easy to synthesize and formulate. R278474, a new diarylpyrimidine (DAPY)(More)
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is more prevalent today than at any other time in human history. Bedaquiline (BDQ), a novel Mycobacterium-specific adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase inhibitor, is the first drug in the last 40 years to be approved for the treatment of MDR-TB. This bactericidal compound targets the membrane-embedded rotor(More)
An estimated one-third of the world population is latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These nonreplicating, dormant bacilli are tolerant to conventional anti-tuberculosis drugs, such as isoniazid. We recently identified diarylquinoline R207910 (also called TMC207) as an inhibitor of ATP synthase with a remarkable activity against replicating(More)
Recently, Brinster et al. suggested that type II fatty-acid biosynthesis (FASII) is not a suitable antibacterial target for Gram-positive pathogens because they use fatty acids directly from host serum rather than de novo synthesis. Their findings, if confirmed, are relevant for further scientific and financial investments in the development of new drugs(More)
Infections with Mycobacterium tuberculosis are substantially increasing on a worldwide scale and new antibiotics are urgently needed to combat concomitantly emerging drug-resistant mycobacterial strains. The diarylquinoline TMC207 is a highly promising drug candidate for treatment of tuberculosis. This compound kills M. tuberculosis by binding to a new(More)
Novel diarylpyrimidines (DAPY), which represent next generation of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), were synthesized and their activities against human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) assessed. Modulations at positions 2 and 6 of the left phenyl ring generated interesting derivatives of TMC278 displaying high potency against(More)
The diarylquinoline R207910 (TMC207) is a promising candidate in clinical development for the treatment of tuberculosis. Though R207910-resistant mycobacteria bear mutations in ATP synthase, the compound's precise target is not known. Here we establish by genetic, biochemical and binding assays that the oligomeric subunit c (AtpE) of ATP synthase is the(More)
Emergence of drug-resistant bacteria represents a high, unmet medical need, and discovery of new antibacterials acting on new bacterial targets is strongly needed. ATP synthase has been validated as an antibacterial target in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, where its activity can be specifically blocked by the diarylquinoline TMC207. However, potency of TMC207(More)