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Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) offers a survival benefit to patients with intermediate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A widely accepted TACE regimen includes administration of doxorubicin-oil emulsion followed by gelatine sponge-conventional TACE. Recently, a drug-eluting bead (DC Bead) has been developed to enhance tumor drug delivery and(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is implicated in the acceleration of a number of vascular diseases including transplant vascular sclerosis (TVS), the lesion associated with chronic rejection (CR) of solid organ transplants. Although the virus persists in the allograft throughout the course of disease, few cells are directly infected by CMV. This observation is(More)
All of the authors are affiliated with the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development at Iowa State University except Tun-Hsiang Yu, who is now with the University of Tennesee, Eddie Chavez, who is with the University of Arkansas, and Suwen Pan, who is with Texas Tech University. Abstract We examine four scenarios for the evolution of the biofuel sector(More)
During 1982-2007, alveolar echinococcosis (AE) was diagnosed in 407 patients in France, a country previously known to register half of all European patients. To better define high-risk groups in France, we conducted a national registry-based study to identify areas where persons were at risk and spatial clusters of cases. We interviewed 180 AE patients(More)
The authors are all with the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University with the exception of Simla Tokgoz, formerly of CARD, who is now with the International Food Policy Research Institute. Abstract We analyze the sensitivity of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from land-use change to modifications in assumptions(More)
New-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) remains a common complication of liver transplantation (LT). We studied incidence and risk factors in 211 French patients who had undergone a primary LT between 6 and 24 months previously. This is a cross-sectional and retrospective multicenter study. Data were collected on consecutive patients at a single routine post-LT(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate evaluation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients awaiting liver transplantation is important because they have a greater risk of impaired renal function. A major percentage of these patients have alcoholic cirrhosis, and the accuracy of bedside used GFR estimates have not been specifically evaluated in this group. The aim(More)
We present a global agricultural greenhouse gas model that assesses emissions from land-use change. In addition to evaluating shifts in and out of crop production, we develop a pasture model to assess extensification and intensification of global livestock production based on herd size and stocking rate. We apply the model to a scenario that introduces a(More)
The Greenhouse Gases from Agriculture Simulation Model (GreenAgSiM) presented in this paper aims to quantify emissions from agricultural activity on a global scale. The model takes emissions into account that are directly attributable to agricultural production, such as enteric fermentation (methane), manure management (methane and nitrous oxide), and(More)
Three recent reports have estimated the market impacts of domestic offset programs, including afforestation, contained in the American Clean Energy and Security Act (ACES). The magnitude of these estimated impacts motivates this study. We show that with carbon prices as low as $30 per metric ton, a significant number of U.S. crop acres would be used to grow(More)