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A methodology for simple convenient preparation of bright, negatively or positively charged, water-soluble CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystals (NCs) and their stabilization in aqueous solution is described. Single NCs can be detected using a standard epifluorescent microscope, ensuring a detection limit of one molecule coupled with an NC. NCs solubilized in(More)
Quaternary benzo[c]phenanthridines such as fagaronine are natural substances which have been reported to exhibit anticancer and anti-leukemic properties. However, the therapeutic use of these molecules is limited due to the high dose required to exhibit anti-tumor activity and subsequent toxicity. In this study, we describe the therapeutic potential of a(More)
The scavenger receptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP-1) mediates the clearance of a variety of biological molecules from the pericellular environment, including proteinases which degrade the extracellular matrix in cancer progression. However, its accurate functions remain poorly explored and highly controversial. Here we show that(More)
BACKGROUND Elastin peptides possess several biological activities and in vitro data suggest they could be involved in the early phase of melanoma growth. METHODS Using diverse in vitro and in vivo techniques (cell proliferation, invasion and migration assays, zymography, western blots, collagen degradation assay, reverse transcription PCR, melanoma(More)
BACKGROUND NC1 domains from α1, α2, α3 and α6(IV) collagen chains were shown to exert anti-tumor or anti-angiogenic activities, whereas the NC1 domain of the α4(IV) chain did not show such activities so far. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We demonstrate in the present paper that the NC1 α4(IV) domain exerts a potent anti-tumor activity both in vitro and(More)
New antitumor 12-alkoxy-benzo[c]phenanthridinium derivatives were obtained in high yields through multistep syntheses. Analysis of DNA binding and human DNA topoisomerase I inhibitory activities demonstrates that new compounds, combining 2, 6, and 12 substitutions, interact strongly with DNA and exhibit important topoisomerase I inhibition. The(More)
We previously demonstrated that the CNYYSNS peptide derived from tumstatin inhibited in vivo tumor progression. The YSNS motif formed a beta-turn crucial for biological activity. More recently, a YSNSG cyclopeptide with a constrained beta-turn on the YSNS residues was designed. Intraperitoneal administration of the YSNSG cyclopeptide inhibited in vivo(More)
The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP-1) is a large endocytic receptor mediating the clearance of various molecules from the extracellular matrix. In the field of cancer, LRP-1-mediated endocytosis was first associated with antitumor properties. However, recent results suggested that LRP-1 may coordinate the adhesion-deadhesion balance(More)
BACKGROUND Leukemic cell adhesion to proteins of the bone marrow microenvironment provides signals which control morphology, motility and cell survival. We described herein the ability of ethoxyfagaronine (etxfag), a soluble synthetic derivative of fagaronine, to prevent leukemic cell adhesion to fibronectin peptide (FN/V). METHODS Phosphorylation of fak(More)