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Recent data have shown that [125I]D-Ala2, MePhe4, Met(o)ol5-enkephalin (FK-33-824) is a highly selective and specific mu opioid receptor ligand [Moyse et al. (1986) Peptides 7, 351-355]. This probe was used here to investigate the detailed radioautographic distribution of mu sites at various levels of the spinal cord. [125I]FK-33-824 binding sites were(More)
The antinociceptive properties of morphine-6 beta-glucuronide (M6G) and morphine (oral, i.c.v. and s.c.) were examined in two tests involving different nociceptive stimuli [i.e., cutaneous-thermal (tail-flick) and chemical-visceral (acetic acid-writhing)] in both naive and chronically treated mice. Twenty min after i.c.v. injection, M6G was 47 and 360 times(More)
Monocytes are effectors of the inflammatory response to microbes. Human CD14(+) monocytes specialize in phagocytosis and production of reactive oxygen species and secrete inflammatory cytokines in response to a broad range of microbial cues. Here, we have characterized the functions of human monocytes that lack CD14 (CD14(dim)) and express CD16. CD14(dim)(More)
In naive mice, ibogaine at a tremorigenic dose (30 mg/kg, ip), did not produce antinociception but did potentiate the antinociceptive potency of morphine in the tail-flick test. In morphine-dependent mice, ibogaine did not eliminate withdrawal symptoms but significantly increased the number of repetitive vertical jumps induced by naloxone, whatever the(More)
1 Development of the analgesic response to morphine and ontogenesis of central opiate receptors were analyzed in rats 5 to 120 days old. 2 The analgesic effect of morphine increased until day 15, after which it decreased to reach a plateau at about day 30. With phenoperidine, on the other hand, the analgesic effect increased until day 15, remained constant(More)
The autoradiographic distribution of mu, delta and kappa opioid binding sites was evaluated in various segments of the rat and guinea pig spinal cord. Mu opioid receptor binding sites are highly concentrated in the superficial layers of the dorsal horn (laminae II and III) in both species, without any marked gradient along the cord. Delta binding sites are(More)
The enkephalins Met-enkephalin and Leu-enkephalin were first isolated from porcine brain by Hughes and co-workers. We have recently isolated from bovine adrenals another enkephalin with the structure Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Met-Arg-Phe, or Met-enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7 (ref. 2). We report here that this new heptapeptide is found in human, rat and bovine striatum in(More)
Opioid receptor binding sites were analyzed in various segments of rat spinal cord. Mu and delta types were labelled with [3H]-DHM or [3H]-DAGO and [3H]-DADLE or [3H]-DSLET respectively. Kappa 1 (kappa) and kappa 2 (benzomorphan) binding sites were individually detected by the overall labeling of opioid binding sites with [3H]-etorphine followed by the(More)
[3H]Etorphine and [3H]ethylketocyclazocine bind with high affinity (Kd between 0.25-2.0 nM) to a single class of sites in human lumbo-sacral spinal cord. Other ligands such as [3H]morphine, [3H]dihydromorphine and [3H]D-Ala2, D-Leu5-enkephalin (DADLE) did not bind to significant number of sites under our incubation conditions. Ligand selectivity pattern(More)
The rat lumbo-sacral spinal cord contains a homogeneous population of opiate binding sites labelled with high affinity (KD = 0.21 +/- 0.04 nM) by [3H]etorphine and lower affinity (KD = 2.2 +/- 0.4 nM) by [3H]ethylketocyclazocine. Benzomorphan drugs are potent competitors for these binding sites while morphine and enkephalin display a low affinity. These(More)