Jérôme Coutant

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The widespread beta-thymosin/WH2 actin binding domain has versatile regulatory properties in actin dynamics and motility. beta-thymosins (isolated WH2 domain) maintain monomeric actin in a "sequestered" nonpolymerizable form. In contrast, when repeated in tandem or inserted in modular proteins, the beta-thymosin/WH2 domain promotes actin assembly at(More)
Thymosin beta4 is a major actin-sequestering protein, yet the structural basis for its biological function is still unknown. This study provides insight regarding the way this 43-amino acid peptide, mostly unstructured in solution, binds to monomeric actin and prevents its assembly in filaments. We show here that the whole backbone of thymosin beta4 is(More)
Mucin 1 is a well-established target for the early diagnosis of epithelial cancers. The nucleotides of the S1.3/S2.2 DNA aptamer involved in binding to variable number tandem repeat mucin 1 peptides have been identified using footprinting experiments. The majority of these binding nucleotides are located in the 25-nucleotide variable region of the total(More)
Neurotensin (NT) is a 13-residue neuropeptide that exerts multiple biological functions in the central and peripheral nervous system. Little is known about the structure of this neuropeptide, and what is known only concerns its C-terminal part. We determined here for the first time the structure of the full-length NT in membrane-mimicking environments by(More)
In terms of background, the solution structure of monomeric peptide P1 (residues 649-683), located in the conserved membrane proximal region (MPER) of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp41, is first reported here in dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelles. P1 is the minimal MPER region that permits interaction with the mucosal galactosyl ceramide HIV-receptor; it(More)
7SK snRNA, an abundant RNA discovered in human nucleus, regulates transcription by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). It sequesters and inhibits the transcription elongation factor P-TEFb which, by phosphorylation of RNAPII, switches transcription from initiation to processive elongation and relieves pauses of transcription. This regulation process depends on the(More)
A canonical structural genomics programme is being conducted at the Paris-Sud campus area on baker's yeast proteins. Experimental strategies, first results and identified bottlenecks are presented. The actual or potential contributions to the structural genomics of several experimental structure-determination methods are discussed.
The small nuclear 7SK RNA regulates RNA polymerase II (RNA Pol II) transcription, by sequestering and inhibiting the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb). P-TEFb is stored in the 7SK ribonucleoprotein (RNP) that contains the three nuclear proteins Hexim1, LaRP7, and MePCE. P-TEFb interacts with the protein Hexim1 and the 7SK RNA. Once P-TEFb(More)
Neurotensin (NT) is a tridecapeptide hormone in the periphery and neurotransmitter in the brain that principally activates three receptor subtypes, named NTS1, NTS2, and NTS3. Since little is known about its structure in the presence of its principal receptor NTS1, we determined it using the key domain of the receptor, i.e. the third extracellular loop. We(More)
Direct and competition ligand-based NMR experiments are often used in the screening of chemical fragment libraries against a protein target due to the high relative sensitivity of NMR for protein-binding events. A plethora of NMR methods has been proposed for this purpose. Two of these techniques are the (19)F T(2) filter and the (1)H selective T(2) filter(More)