Jérôme Clasadonte

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Astrocytes modulate neuronal activity, synaptic transmission, and behavior by releasing chemical transmitters in a process termed gliotransmission. Whether this process impacts epilepsy in vivo is not known. We show that genetic impairment of transmitter release from astrocytes by the expression of a glial dominant-negative SNARE domain in mice reduced(More)
The activation of nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathways in hypothalamic neurons plays a key role in the control of GnRH secretion that is central to reproductive function. It is unknown whether NO directly modulates the firing behavior of GnRH neurons in the preoptic region of the mature brain. Using patch-clamp recordings from GnRH neurons expressing green(More)
Astroglia, the most abundant glial cells in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS), are considered an emerging key player in seizure induction and progression. Although astrocytes undergo reactive gliosis in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with dramatic morphological and molecular changes, specific astrocyte targets/molecular pathways that contribute to(More)
Over the past four decades it has become clear that prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), a phospholipid-derived signaling molecule, plays a fundamental role in modulating the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuroendocrine system and in shaping the hypothalamus. In this review, after a brief historical overview, we highlight studies revealing that PGE(2)(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a peculiar chemical transmitter that freely diffuses through aqueous and lipid environments and plays a role in major aspects of brain function. Within the hypothalamus, NO exerts critical effects upon the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) network to maintain fertility. Here, we review recent evidence that NO regulates major aspects(More)
Astrocytes in the hypothalamus release prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) in response to cell-cell signaling initiated by neurons and glial cells. Upon release, PGE(2) stimulates the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), the neuropeptide that controls reproduction, from hypothalamic neuroendocrine neurons. Whether this effect on GnRH secretion is(More)
Sleep impairments are comorbid with a variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders including depression, epilepsy, and alcohol abuse. Despite the prevalence of these disorders, the cellular mechanisms underlying the interaction between sleep disruption and behavior remain poorly understood. In this study, the impact of chronic sleep loss on sleep(More)
·Research Highlight· Neurons and glial cells, particularly astrocytes, are the two main cell populations in the central nervous system. While it is established that brain functions primarily rely on neuronal activity, an active contribution of astrocytes to information processing is only starting to be considered. There is growing evidence that astrocytes,(More)
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