Jérôme Carriot

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UNLABELLED Human activities often involve sensing body orientation using cues from gravity. Astronauts in microgravity are deprived of those cues and may have difficulty with certain tasks. We theorized that experience in microgravity combined with mechanically induced pressure under the feet (foot pressure) would improve the accuracy of a subject's(More)
Perception of tilt (somatogravic illusion) in response to sustained linear acceleration is generally attributed to the otolithic system which reflects either a translation of the head or a reorientation of the head with respect to gravity (tilt/translation ambiguity). The main aim of this study was to compare the tilt perception during prolonged static tilt(More)
To examine the interindividual differences in the judgment of the visually perceived eye level (VPEL-upright position) and of the visually perceived apparent zenith (VPAZ-supine position) when the subject is subjected to low gravitational-inertial force (GIF), we independently altered GIF in two different populations: control subjects and spatial experts.(More)
Subjects in a dark chamber exposed to angular acceleration while viewing a head-fixed target experience motion and displacement of the target relative to their body. Competing explanations of this phenomenon, known as the oculogyral illusion, have attributed it to the suppression of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) or to retinal slip. In the dark, the VOR(More)
We studied the contribution of vestibular and somatosensory/proprioceptive stimulation to the perception of the apparent zenith (AZ). Experiment 1 involved rotation on a centrifuge and settings of the AZ. Subjects were supine on the centrifuge, and their body position was varied in relation to the rotation axis so that the gravitoinertial resultant force at(More)
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