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BACKGROUND In view of recent substantial changes in the management of orthopedic surgery patients, a study was performed in order to update data on the epidemiology of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing lower limb arthroplasty according to contemporary practise. METHODS We performed a prospective observational study of a cohort of(More)
BACKGROUND After a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) overdose, 1-2 mg of oral vitamin K can lower the International Normalized Ratio (INR) to the therapeutic range. OBJECTIVE To establish whether oral vitamin K can substitute for heparin bridging and decrease the INR to < or = 1.5 before elective surgery. METHODS Patients on long-term VKAs were randomized(More)
Evaluation of new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) must compare efficacy and toxicity with existing compounds. Real progress involves maintaining effectiveness while decreasing toxicity. It is relatively easy to assess the effects of NSAIDs in animal models, and to determine gastrointestinal toxicity. However, although the ratio of active and(More)
Plasma pharmacokinetics of a single IV dl-propranolol dose (8 mg) were investigated in 12 obese subjects (mean +/- SD: 110.3 +/- 20.4 kg; 198.7 +/- 32.5% of ideal body weight) and compared with those of 12 healthy subjects (66.7 +/- 6.8 kg; 94.5 +/- 7.8% of ideal body weight). In obese subjects plasma alpha-1 glycoprotein acid concentrations and propranolol(More)
In this study the bioavailability of a new pharmaceutical form of rifampicin, Rifampicine Generic (300 mg capsules), was compared to a reference form Rimactan (300 mg capsules). Twelve healthy volunteers participated in a cross-over study. Each dosage form was administered, one after the other, to each subject in the morning after a fasted night period.(More)
BACKGROUND Patients receiving anti-platelet agents for secondary cardiovascular prevention frequently require non-cardiac surgery. A substantial proportion of these patients have their anti-platelet drug discontinued before operation; however, there is uncertainty about the impact of this practice. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of(More)
Equilibrium dialysis, ultrafiltration, and ultracentrifugation were compared to determine their reliability and applicability in the study of binding of an anticonvulsant drug, valproic acid, by plasma proteins. We studied drug binding with pooled serum and with solutions of human serum albumin at physiological concentrations. We compared binding(More)
Equal doses of veralipride have been given to 12 healthy volunteers by three different administrations--intravenous infusion, oral solution, and oral capsules--in a randomized cross-over design. After the intake of the solution, but not after infusion or capsules, two maximum plasma concentrations have been observed and interpreted, according to a(More)
Consecutive patients undergoing total hip replacement in 43 centres were randomly assigned to receive blindly either enoxaparin (40 mg) or tinzaparin (4,500 anti-Factor IU Xa), as once daily subcutaneous injections. The first injection was administered 12 h preoperatively. Efficacy was assessed by bilateral venography performed 12-14 days postoperatively.(More)
Twenty-four healthy volunteers were divided in three groups who were randomly assigned different treatments for 13 days: group I received 400 mg/day of a defined Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE), group II 300 mg/day of phenytoin and group III a placebo. The elimination half-life of antipyrine was measured with a high performance liquid chromatographic technique(More)