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In mammals, thermoregulation is a key feature in the maintenance of homeostasis. Thermoregulatory capacities are strongly related to energy balance and animals are constantly seeking to limit the energy costs of normothermia. In case of thermal changes, physiological mechanisms are enhanced, increasing rates of energy expenditure. However, behavioral(More)
The use of non-human primate models is required to understand the ageing process and evaluate new therapies against age-associated pathologies. The present article summarizes all the contributions of the grey mouse lemur Microcebus murinus, a small nocturnal prosimian primate, to the understanding of the mechanisms of ageing. Results from studies of both(More)
Time-frequency representations (TFRs) of signals are increasingly being used in biomedical research. Analysis of such representations is sometimes difficult, however, and is often reduced to the extraction of ridges, or local energy maxima. In this paper, we describe a new ridge extraction method based on the image processing technique of active contours or(More)
BACKGROUND The electrical activity of the uterine muscle is representative of uterine contractility. Its characterization may be used to detect a potential risk of preterm delivery in women, even at an early gestational stage. METHODS We have investigated the effect of the recording electrode position on the spectral content of the signal by using a(More)
The electrohysterogram (EHG) is often corrupted by electronic and electromagnetic noise as well as movement artifacts, skeletal electromyogram, and ECGs from both mother and fetus. The interfering signals are sporadic and/or have spectra overlapping the spectra of the signals of interest rendering classical filtering ineffective. In the absence of efficient(More)
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the novel method for analyzing the nonlinear correlation of the uterine electromyography (EMG). The application of this method may improve monitoring in pregnancy, labor detection, and preterm labor detection. Uterine EMG signals recorded from a 4 × 4 matrix of electrodes on the subjects' abdomen are used here. The(More)
Detection of nonlinearity should be the first step before any analysis of nonlinearity or nonlinear behavior in biological signal. The question is which method should be used in each case and which one can best respect the different characteristics of the signals under investigation. In this paper we compare three methods widely used in nonlinearity(More)
Numerous studies have observed and analyzed the external electrical activity of the uterus, the so-called electrohysterogram (EHG), associated with contractions during pregnancy and labor. The EHG is mainly composed of two distinct frequency components, FWL (Fast Wave Low, low frequency component) and FWH (Fast Wave High, high frequency component). It has(More)
The uterine electrical activity is an efficient parameter to study the uterine contractility. In order to understand the ionic mechanisms responsible for its generation, we aimed at building a mathematical model of the uterine cell electrical activity based upon the physiological mechanisms. First, based on the voltage clamp experiments found in the(More)
The present study sought to establish links between hyperventilation and postural stability. Eight university students were asked to stand upright under two hyperventilation conditions applied randomly: (1) a metabolic hyperventilation induced by 5 min of hypercapnic–hyperoxic rebreathing (CO2–R); and, (2) a voluntary hyperventilation (VH) of 3 min imposed(More)