János Vajda

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Thalamic tumors (TT) merit individual analysis and must not be confused with tumors that, while involving the entire thalamus have a different origin. We analyzed 26 patients who fulfilled our criteria of having "strictly" TT. We examined incidence, clinical features, histology, response to treatment (mainly surgery), recurrence rate, mortality and(More)
The loss of the calcium binding protein, Calbindin-D28k, from dentate granule cells has been observed in different animal models of epilepsy and in ischaemia. This decrease is accompanied by alterations of calcium and N-methyl-D-aspartate currents, which may explain the hyperexcitability of the dentate gyrus. In the present study, we found a loss of(More)
The distribution, size, dendritic morphology and synaptic connections of calbindin-, calretinin- and substance P receptor-positive interneurons and pathways have been examined in control and epileptic human dentate gyrus. In the epileptic dentate gyrus, calbindin-containing interneurons are preserved, but their dendrites become elongated and spiny, and(More)
INTRODUCTION The surgical removal of the cervical intradural pathologies located ventrally carries a high risk. According to the anatomical situation and the increasing experience with anterior cervical approach and corpectomy revealed the reality to remove the ventral midline pathologies this way. The anterior approach which require corpectomy preferable(More)
Endocannabinoid signaling is a key regulator of synaptic neurotransmission throughout the brain. Compelling evidence shows that its perturbation leads to development of epileptic seizures, thus indicating that endocannabinoids play an intrinsic protective role in suppressing pathologic neuronal excitability. To elucidate whether long-term reorganization of(More)
Calretinin is expressed mainly in interneurons that specialize to innervate either principal cell dendrites or other interneurons in the human hippocampus. Calretinin-containing cells were shown to be vulnerable in animal models of ischaemia and epilepsy. In the human hippocampus, controversial data were published regarding their sensitivity in epilepsy.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the degree of organization and fibrocellular tissue development in aneurysms treated with bare platinum or biologically active microcoils. METHODS Twelve aneurysms were removed at autopsy between 1-18 days and another 2 between 2-3 months posttreatment. Four aneurysms were surgically removed(More)
A woman, aged 33 years, presented with headache, drowsiness, and attacks of loss of consciousness with incontinence, during the eight months previous to admission. A CT scan showed a round cystic mass in the third ventricle which was interpreted as a colloid cyst. A myodil ventriculogramm showed the anterior part of the third ventricle completely occupied(More)
We analyzed possible predictors of late worsening of seizure control in 94 adult patients who had anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) from the Epilepsy Center of the National Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Budapest between 1985 and 2001. We evaluated data regarding epilepsy, presurgical evaluation, pre- and postoperative EEG, structural imaging,(More)
A large proportion of hippocampal afferents and efferents are relayed through the subiculum. It is also thought to be a key structure in the generation and maintenance of epileptic activity; rhythmic interictal-like discharges were recorded in previous studies of subicular slices excised from temporal lobe epilepsy patients. In order to investigate if and(More)