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Bilateral temporoparietal hypoperfusion is a characteristic single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) finding in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Lactate is a metabolic vasodilator and is known to provoke increased cerebral blood flow (CBF) in healthy adults. This work investigated whether lactate, which is present in high concentrations in AD(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of light therapy on visual contrast sensitivity in patients with seasonal affective disorder (n=10) and healthy control subjects (n=10). Static and dynamic visual contrast sensitivity was measured using a Venus system before and after 4 weeks of light therapy (10,000 lux, 30 min, 5 times a week).(More)
Kynurenine aminotransferases (KAT I and KAT II) are responsible for the transamination of kynurenine (KYN) to form kynurenic acid (KYNA), an excitatory amino acid receptor antagonist. Since these members of the kynurenine pathway (KP) are proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's dementia (AD), the activities of these enzymes and the levels(More)
Antidepressants are widely used in the treatment of mood disorders associated with dementia, however little information is available on their effect at the molecular level. In certain neurodegenerative disorders, such as in Alzheimer's disease, lymphocytes have been used to assess mirror changes that thought to occur in the brain. Gene expression profiles(More)
Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), sometimes regarded as a prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease, is a mental disorder that is difficult to diagnose. However, recent studies reported that MCI causes slight changes in the speech of the patient. Our starting point here is a study that found acoustic correlates of MCI, but extracted the proposed features(More)
ATP binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2) is involved in amyloid-β transport and was found to be significantly up-regulated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. A functional polymorphism of the ABCG2 gene (C421A; rs2231142) was genotyped in a sample of 299 Hungarian late-onset AD patients and 259 elderly, non-demented controls to investigate for the(More)
Recovery from cardiac surgery is marred for many patients by the development of neurological, psychological or cognitive dysfunction. An uncontrolled inflammatory reaction, in response to surgical stress, may be responsible. To confirm this hypothesis, the present study evaluated changes in the levels of cytokines in cerebrospinal fluid after coronary(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by memory and cognitive loss, the formation of senile plaques containing amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide, degeneration of the cholinergic neurons and the development of neurofibrillary tangles. The build-up of Abeta is considered to be a central feature in the pathogenesis of(More)
We tested the hypothesis whether the partially duplicated variant of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit gene (CHRFAM7A) 2-bp deletion (-2 bp) polymorphism and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) epsilon4 allele confer susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease (AD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Pick's disease (PiD) and vascular dementia (VD). The study(More)