Learn More
BACKGROUND Dihydropiridine calcium-channel blockers are often used as an alternative to beta-blockers for the treatment of hypertension in patients undergoing aortic aneurysm surgery. We studied the relation between dihydropiridine calcium-channel blocker use and perioperative mortality in patients undergoing aortic aneurysm surgery. METHODS We studied(More)
BACKGROUND The RIFLE (risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage renal disease) classification system was developed to standardize the definition of acute kidney injury (AKI) in adults. We hypothesized that AKI was associated with increased mortality and morbidity. METHODS Acute kidney injury was defined as a decrease in the amount of estimated creatinine(More)
BACKGROUND Psychosocial factors have shown independent predictive value in the development of cardiovascular diseases. Although there is strong evidence to support the role of psychosocial factors in cardiovascular mortality, there is a scarcity of knowledge about how these factors are related. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between depression,(More)
Long stay in intensive care unit (ICU) and prolonged ventilation are deleterious for subsequent quality of life and surcharge financial capacity. We have already demonstrated the beneficial effects of using suggestive communication on recovery time during intensive care. The aim of our present study was to prove the same effects with standardized positive(More)
INTRODUCTION Activation of inflammation and coagulation are closely related and mutually interdependent in sepsis. The acute-phase protein, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a key element in the inhibition of fibrinolysis. Elevated levels of PAI-1 have been related to worse outcome in pneumonia. We aimed to evaluate the effect of functionally(More)
BACKGROUND The pediatric-modified Risk, Injury, Failure and Loss, and End-Stage (pRIFLE) criteria and a different but conceptually similar system termed Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) were created to standardize the definition of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) currently recommends a combination(More)
Real-time ultrasound guidance for any intervention relies on visualization of needle advancement towards a target. Unfortunately, correct identification of the needle tip is not straightforward, as artifacts always distort the image. The ultrasonic appearance of the needle is often degraded by reverberation, comet tail, side-lobe, beam-width, or bayonet(More)
Near-complete genome sequences of seven picornavirus (PV) strains isolated from different terrestrial tortoise species were determined and characterized. The genome organization of the strains proved to be similar and displayed a typical PV layout, and the polyprotein-encoding regions showed low similarity to those of other PVs. The predicted regions of the(More)
To determine whether avian bornaviruses (ABVs) were a factor in proventricular dilatation disease (PDD), we used immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription-PCR, and nucleotide sequence analysis to examine paraffin wax-embedded or frozen tissue samples of 31 psittacine birds with this disease. PDD is a fatal disease of psittacine birds associated with(More)
AIM To demonstrate that the double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) can be safely performed in general anesthesia with intubation. METHODS We performed a retrospective examination between August 2005 and November 2008 among patients receiving intubation narcosis due to DBE examination. The patients were grouped based on sex, age and physical status. Anesthesia(More)