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In order to estimate the prevalence of affective disorders in Hungary a sample of the Hungarian adult population (18-64 years) selected at random was interviewed using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) which generated DSM-III-R diagnoses. The lifetime rate for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) was 15.1%, and for Bipolar Disorders (BD) 5.1%. The(More)
Clozapine has been the gold standard for treatment of patients with refractory schizophrenia but is associated with serious safety liabilities. This has prompted the search for therapeutic alternatives for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of olanzapine versus clozapine in schizophrenic(More)
Efficacy and acceptability of tianeptine were investigated in a multicenter, randomized, double blind, and sertraline-controlled study. As a total, 212 in- or outpatients with DSM IV major depression single episode, recurrent and bipolar depression, were treated for 42 days either with tianeptine (37.5 mg) or with sertraline (50 mg). At inclusion,(More)
In this 2-year prospective study, we searched for predictive factors influencing the 2-year outcome of major depressive episodes. Demographic characteristics (age, gender, education, employment), illness-related variables (severity, age at onset, number and duration of previous episodes), personality characteristics (DSM-IV personality disorders, trait(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze the lifetime comorbidity between DSM-III-R anxiety disorders in separate subgroups of patients with major depression, bipolar II and bipolar I disorder in a community sample of a Hungarian population. METHODS Randomly selected subjects (aged between 18 and 64 years, N=2953) were interviewed by the Diagnostic(More)
Prevalence of suicide attempts and their relationship with DIS anxiety and affective disorder diagnoses were investigated in a Hungarian adult community sample. Despite the high suicide mortality rate, the rate of suicide attempts was similar to that reported in other studies using similar methods. Suicide attempts occurred more frequently among women and(More)
The objective of this study was to describe empirical and natural lifetime patterns of depressive and anxiety symptoms reported by community respondents and primary care attenders. The Grade of Membership model was used to analyze data collected from 716 subjects between 18 and 64 years of age with a lifetime diagnosis of DIS/DSM-III-R Major Depressive(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in males and females in a sample of the Hungarian adult population. METHOD 2953 randomly selected subjects between 18 and 64 years old were interviewed using the Hungarian version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS), which generated(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY The purpose of this paper is to estimate the changes in health utilization and indirect costs of anxiety and affective disorders in primary care patients after initiation of mental health treatment. METHOD This study was conducted in 12 general practices for the primary care of adult populations in Budapest, Hungary. Among 2,000 eligible(More)