János B. Nagy

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Carbon nanotubes focus the attention of many scientists because of their huge potential of industrial applications, but there is a paucity of information on the toxicological properties of this material. The aim of this experimental study was to characterize the biological reactivity of purified multi-wall carbon nanotubes in the rat lung and in vitro.(More)
Experimental studies indicate that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have the potential to induce adverse pulmonary effects, including alveolitis, fibrosis, and genotoxicity in epithelial cells. Here, we explored the physicochemical determinants of these toxic responses with progressively and selectively modified CNTs: ground multiwall CNTs modified by heating at 600(More)
The concept of a spatial-velocity hodograph is introduced to describe quantitatively the extrusion of a carbon tubule from a catalytic particle. The conditions under which a continuous tubular surface can be generated are discussed in terms of this hodograph, the shape of which determines the geometry of the initial nanotube. The model is consistent with(More)
Coiled carbon nanotubes were produced catalytically by thermal decomposition of hydrocarbon gas. After deposition on a silicon substrate, the three-dimensional structure of the helix-shaped multiwalled nanotubes can be visualized with atomic force microscopy. Helical structures of both chiralities are present in the nanotube deposits. For larger coil(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) currently attract intense research efforts because of their unique properties which make them suitable for many industrial applications. When inhaled, CNTs constitute a possible hazard to human health. Several studies have shown that when instilled in the lung of experimental animals, CNTs induced an inflammatory and fibrotic(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have been reported to elicit toxic responses in vitro and in vivo, ascribed so far to metal contamination, CNT length, degree of oxidation, or extent of hydrophilicity. To examine how structural properties may modulate the toxicity of CNT, one preparation of multiwall CNT has been modified (i) by grinding (introducing structural(More)
Phenyl ethyl alcohol was used for fast and stable dispersion of carbon nanotubes. This solvent, more effective than ethanol and toluene, allows easy dispersion of carbon nanotubes for TEM characterization. For TEM grids prepared at high dilution, it is possible to observe each tube separately. Applying that solvent, it was possible to measure the length,(More)
The challenge on carbon nanotubes is still the subject of many research groups. While in the first years the focus was on the new synthesis methods, new carbon sources and support materials, recently, the application possibilities are the principal arguments of the studies. The three main synthesis methods discussed in this review are the arc discharge, the(More)
This chapter essentially deals with the preparation of nanoparticles using microemulsions. The preparation of inorganic nanoparticles--Ni2B, Pt, Au, Pt-Au, AgX--and the synthesis of organic nanoparticles--cholesterol, rhovanil, rhodiarome--are systematically studied as a function of the concentration of the precursor molecules, the size of the inner water(More)