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A total of 89 J-domain proteins were identified in the genome of the model flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana. The deduced amino acid sequences of the J-domain proteins were analyzed for an assortment of structural features and motifs. Based on the results of sequence comparisons and structure and function predictions, 51 distinct families were(More)
The peroxisomal isoform of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) is a novel membrane isoform that functions in the regeneration of NAD(+) and protection against toxic reactive oxygen species. The intracellular localization and sorting of peroxisomal APX were examined both in vivo and in vitro. Epitope-tagged peroxisomal APX, which was expressed transiently in tobacco(More)
Protein-protein interactions or protein complexes are integral in nearly all cellular processes, ranging from metabolism to structure. Elucidating both individual protein associations and complex protein interaction networks, while challenging, is an essential goal of functional genomics. For example, discovering interacting partners for a 'protein of(More)
Two maize cDNAs were isolated and sequenced that had open reading frames with approximately 37% amino acid identity to mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases. Both maize kinase sequences contain the five domains with conserved signature residues typical of procaryotic two-component histidine kinases. Sequence comparisons identified six other highly(More)
Ion-filtration chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex A-25 at pH 5.5 resolved the total hexokinase activity in a 27,000g supernatant prepared from developing castor oil (Ricinus communis L., cv. Baker 296) seeds into three distinct peaks. These were designated one, two, and three in order of elution from the column. Ion-filtration chromatography of various(More)
Plant cells are unique in that they contain four species of alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex: plastidial pyruvate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase, alpha-ketoglutarate (2-oxoglutarate) dehydrogenase, and branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase. All complexes include multiple copies of three components: an alpha-ketoacid(More)
Herein we report the first molecular description of the pyruvate dehydrogenase component of the higher plant plastid pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. The full-length cDNAs for the E1 alpha (1530 bp) and E1 beta (1441 bp) subunits of the Arabidopsis thaliana plastid pyruvate dehydrogenase contain open reading frames that encode polypeptides of 428 and 406(More)
Previous systems analyses in plants have focused on a single developmental stage or time point, although it is often important to additionally consider time-index changes. During seed development a cascade of events occurs within a relatively brief time scale. We have collected protein and transcript expression data from five sequential stages of(More)
1. An improved method was developed for the assay of plant holo-(acyl carrier protein) synthase activity, using Escherichia coli acyl-(acyl carrier protein) synthetase as a coupling enzyme. 2. Holo-(acyl carrier protein) synthase was partially purified from spinach (Spinacia oleracea) leaves by a combination of (NH4)2SO4 fractionation and anion-exchange and(More)