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PURPOSE Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) usually had an initial precipitating injury in early childhood. However, epilepsy does not develop in all children who have undergone an early insult. As in patients, the consequences of the lithium-pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) are age dependent, and only a subset of 21-day-old rats will(More)
The automatic analysis of subtle changes between MRI scans is an important tool for assessing disease evolution over time. Manual labeling of evolutions in 3D data sets is tedious and error prone. Automatic change detection, however, remains a challenging image processing problem. A variety of MRI artifacts introduce a wide range of unrepresentative changes(More)
The benefits of texture analysis of magnetic resonance images have been assessed in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Out of thirty-two lesions identified in eight MS patients, nine were considered active, judging from their gadolinium uptake. Texture analysis allowed to obtain forty-two characterizing parameters for each lesion. Using discriminant analysis(More)
We conducted a French multicentric cross-sectional study to describe in detail the demographic, neurological and behavioural characteristics of the frontal variant of frontotemporal dementia (fvFTD) and to characterize the pattern of brain perfusion SPECT in comparison to a healthy control group. A total of 68 fvFTD patients had technetium-99m-ECD brain(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the reproducibility of neural activations induced by an anticipatory anxiety provocation challenge in healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fourteen healthy male volunteers participated in two separate functional MRI (fMRI) sessions in which they underwent a paradigm based on anticipation of aversive transcutaneous electrical nerve(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to evaluate a fluorescence-based enhanced-reality system to assess intestinal viability in a laparoscopic mesenteric ischemia model. MATERIALS AND METHODS A small bowel loop was exposed, and 3 to 4 mesenteric vessels were clipped in 6 pigs. Indocyanine green (ICG) was administered intravenously 15 minutes later. The bowel was(More)
The main objective of this work was to study the functional markers of the clinical response to cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK-4). Twelve healthy male subjects were challenged with CCK-4 and simultaneously underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recording. Since anticipatory anxiety (AA) is an intrinsic part of panic disorder, a behavioral(More)
PURPOSE In temporal lobe epilepsy, it remains to be clarified whether hippocampal sclerosis is the cause or the consequence of epilepsy. We studied the temporal evolution of the lesions in the lithium-pilocarpine model of epilepsy in the rat with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine the progressive morphologic changes occurring before the(More)
In a patient with fat embolism to the brain CT showed no abnormality. MRI performed after recovery from coma, when the patient had aphasia and quadriparesis, demonstrated multiple high signal abnormalities in the white matter on both T1- and T2-weighted images. HMPAO-SPECT showed left-sided hypoperfusion which resolved in parallel with clinical improvement(More)
Limbic encephalitis (LE) associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GAD-Ab) is rare. We describe a 30-year-old male with acute LE and GAD-Ab, with follow-up during 2 years of cognitive status including verbal episodic memory, number of seizures recorded by high-resolution video-EEG, brain MRI, 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose PET and GAD-Ab(More)