Izumi Nagatomo

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To clarify the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the pathogenesis of seizures in susceptible EL mice, we investigated effects of three drugs potentially related to NO production, MK-801, dantrolene, and FK506, on convulsive seizures and brain NO metabolites (NOx). MK-801 or dantrolene, but not FK506, suppressed convulsive seizures in EL mice; only MK-801 reduced(More)
The Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a transcriptional factor involved in tissue development and tumorigenesis. Although YAP has been recognized as a key element of the Hippo signaling pathway, the mechanisms that regulate YAP activities remain to be fully characterized. In this study, we demonstrate that the non-receptor type protein tyrosine phosphatase 14(More)
Tetraspanins organize protein complexes in tetraspanin-enriched membrane microdomains that are distinct from lipid rafts. Our previous studies suggested that reduction in the levels of tetraspanins CD9 and CD81 may be involved in the progression of inflammatory lung diseases, especially COPD. To search for agents that increase the levels of these(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (aPAP) is a rare lung disease caused by the autoantibody against granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). The clinical course of aPAP is variable; in severe cases, patients develop lethal respiratory failure due to pulmonary fibrosis. However, the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis in(More)
Erlotinib and pemetrexed have been approved for the second-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These two agents have different mechanisms of action. Combined treatment with erlotinib and pemetrexed could potentially augment the antitumor activity of either agent alone. In the present study, we investigated the safety profile of combined(More)
Calcium-dependent activator protein for secretion 1 (CAPS1) plays a distinct role in the priming step of dense core vesicle (DCV) exocytosis. CAPS1 pre-mRNA is known to undergo adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing in its coding region, which results in a glutamate-to-glycine conversion at a site in its C-terminal region. However, the physiological significance(More)
Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) easily recurs with a multidrug resistant phenotype. However, standard therapeutic strategies for relapsed SCLC remain unestablished. We found that human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is not only expressed in pretreated human SCLC specimens, but is also upregulated when HER2-positive SCLC cells acquire(More)
A majority of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells lack a metastasis suppressor, tetraspanin CD9, and CD9 expression promotes their apoptosis. By a proteomics-based approach, we compared an SCLC cell line with its CD9 transfectant and found that a calcium-binding neuronal protein, calretinin, is upregulated in CD9-positive SCLC cells. Ectopic or anticancer(More)
To evaluate the influences of ethanol intake on convulsive seizures and brain nitric oxide (NO) production, EL mice, a strain highly susceptible to seizures, were given a 10% ethanol solution ad libitum. In mice consuming ethanol for 4, 8, and 12 weeks, seizures were not suppressed by zonisamide (75 mg/kg ip). Brain NO metabolite levels in mice after 12(More)
We evaluated age-related changes in nitric oxide (NO) production in the brains of EL mice, a strain highly susceptible to seizures. A group of EL(s) mice were tossed up weekly to induce convulsive seizures, while in a nonstimulated EL(ns) group induction of convulsive seizures was avoided. Brain levels of nitrite plus nitrate (NOx) in EL(ns) mice were(More)