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The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the brain in the control of blood pressure and the sympathetic nervous system is debated. This study examined the effect of overexpression of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) on blood pressure in conscious rats. Adenovirus vectors encoding either eNOS (AdeNOS) or ss-galactosidase were(More)
BACKGROUND Protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a physiological regulator of glucose homeostasis and body mass, and has been implicated in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Herein, we assess the role of PTP1B in ER stress in brown adipocytes, which are key regulators of thermogenesis and metabolic response. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) plays an important role in regulating sympathetic nerve activity. The aims of this study were to determine whether the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the NTS facilitates the release of L-glutamate (Glu) via NO production, and, if so, to determine whether this mechanism is(More)
Protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and T cell protein-tyrosine phosphatase (TCPTP) are closely related intracellular phosphatases implicated in the control of glucose homeostasis. PTP1B and TCPTP can function coordinately to regulate protein tyrosine kinase signaling, and PTP1B has been implicated previously in the regulation of endoplasmic reticulum(More)
Activation of the sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin system has been suggested to contribute to the hypertension caused by chronic nitric oxide synthase inhibition. The aim of the present study was to determine whether angiotensin within the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) plays a role in activation of the sympathetic nervous system in this(More)
The aims of this study were to determine 1) whether endothelin (ET)-1 affects the neuronal activity of the NTS neurons, 2) whether specific ET receptor antagonists affect the neuronal activity of the NTS neurons, and 3) whether ET-1 or ET receptor antagonists modulate the responses of the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) neurons to L-glutamate (Glu). The(More)
The Src homology 2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase Src homology phosphatase 2 (Shp2) is a negative regulator of hepatic insulin action in mice fed regular chow. To investigate the role of hepatic Shp2 in lipid metabolism and energy balance, we determined the metabolic effects of its deletion in mice challenged with a high-fat diet (HFD). We(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous studies revealed that application of the inhalation anesthetic, sevoflurane, reversibly repressed the expression of Per2 in the mouse suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). We aimed to examine whether sevoflurane directly affects the SCN. METHODS We performed in vivo and in vitro experiments to investigate rat Per2 expression under(More)
It has been shown that nitric oxide in the brain stem plays an important role in the control of sympathetic nerve activity. We examined the role of endogenous nitric oxide in the brain stem in the rapid central adaptation of baroreflex control of sympathetic nerve activity in anesthetized rabbits. Bilateral carotid sinuses were isolated, and a stepwise(More)
The Src homology 2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase Shp2 has been implicated in a variety of growth factor signaling pathways, but its role in insulin signaling has remained unresolved. In vitro studies suggest that Shp2 is both a negative and positive regulator of insulin signaling, although its physiological function in a number of(More)