Izuan Effendi

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In the eastern part of Java and on the island of Bali betel chewing is a very common habit confined principally to females. The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of betel chewing on the prevalence of dental caries. The study, which is based upon 982 villagers, indicates a strong inverse relationship between the prevalence of dental(More)
Level of heavy metals in marine ecosystem has been intensively studied during recent years as these hazardous substances could be accumulated in the biota. Generally, the presence of contaminants in fish is a result of human activities such as industrial and agricultural wastes. In this study, the marine fish and shellfish from the Straits of Malacca were(More)
Viable cells of Aeromonas salmonicida remained in experimental marine systems after plate counts indicated an absence of culturable cells. These so-called viable but nonculturable (VBNC) cells were coccoid and smaller than their normal culturable counterparts. There was no reduction in lipopolysaccharide of the VBNC cells. There was an alteration in protein(More)
In Central Java and on the island of Bali 779 and 437 villagers respectively were examined for dental mutilations. In Java 81.1% of the males and 99.2% of the females showed dental mutilations in the form of grinding the incisal and vestibular surfaces of the maxillary incisors and canines. In Bali, the figure for males was 91.3% and for females 96.6%. In(More)
Survival of Aeromonas salmonicida in natural (non-sterile) seawater, as determined from colony counts on marine agar, was found to be influenced by the presence of potentially inhibitory organisms, i.e., Acinetobacter, Aeromonas hydrophila, Chromobacterium, Escherichia coli, Flavobacterium and Pseudomonas, and their metabolites. Yet, samples, thought to be(More)
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