Izeneide B. Araújo

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BACKGROUND Lutzomyia longipalpis is the primary vector of American visceral leishmaniasis. There is strong evidence that L. longipalpis is a species complex, but until recently the existence of sibling species among Brazilian populations was considered a controversial issue. In addition, there is still no consensus regarding the number of species occurring(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by Leishmania chagasi is a growing public-health problem in many parts of the New World. Although several studies have focused on the consequences of environmental damage, human migration and land occupation on the incidence of VL, the effects on the disease of the substandard living conditions that often result from the(More)
First noted in the city of Teresina in 1981, the last decades have witnessed a remarkable increase in urban transmission of American visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in many Brazilian cities. Teresina, the site of this study, has faced two large outbreaks of VL. The first occurred from 1981-1985 when almost 1000 new cases were reported. The second started in the(More)
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