Izabella L Kara

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The impact of tobacco smoking on the development of cardio-vascular diseases, including coronary arterial disease (CAD) is very well known by now. More than 1/3 of the Polish adult population are affected which roughly corresponds with WHO accepted percentage of smokers world-wide (over 30%, over 15 years of age). Smokers with cardio-vascular problems are,(More)
The present article is focused on tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and necessary physical activity, and how they contribute to everyday life of diabetic patients. The article is based on a study comprising 106 such patients, treated in two leading centres of diabetological care in the City of Poznan. Fifty eight male and 48 female patients were(More)
The work constitutes a part of a larger project "Comparative analysis of some elements of health state among 40-year-old inhabitants of the City and the Province of Poznan, born 1938, 1959", backed by National Committee of Sciences, performed in the Department of Public Health, Chair of Social Medicine, K. Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences, in(More)
BACKGROUND Credibility of physicians depends not only on their knowledge and achievements in therapies they manage but also on daily manifested behavioural patterns, directed at maintaining and augmenting own health as well as prevention of diseases. A patient will hardly trust members of medical staff if their health-related behaviour indeed contradicts(More)
Cigarette smoking has become a popular occurrence in the 21st Cent. It was recognised by the WHO as a disease and classified as the one associated with the addiction. The list of illnesses related to smoking is still expanding while the adult smokers keep living shorter. These observations should then be reflected in creating "a fashion for non-smoking"(More)
The article begins with the outline of the history of cigarette smoking all over the world, the epidemiological picture of that phenomenon in Europe and the world, and briefly discusses the group of tobacco-dependent diseases. Cigarette smoking among 40-year-olds, living in Poznan, and its Province, was presented in greater detail, according to place of(More)
INTRODUCTION Smoking is one of several well documented harmful agents that people voluntarily expose to. Nurses are considered by society as the authority in the field of health, what means that they should take advantage of their accomplishments and references in procedures concerned with prophylaxis and smoking habit treatment. For these reasons - nurses'(More)
Currently 33% of the Polish adult population smoke tobacco (42% males and 25% females), which is a serious issue, particularly in the context of cardiovascular diseases. A study of the extent of smoking among patients with arterial hypertension (AH) served as the basis for the present article. The studied group comprised 100 patients hospitalised due to AH,(More)
The work constitutes a part of the larger project "Comparative analysis of some elements of health state among 40-year-old inhabitants of the City and the Province of Poznan, born 1938, 1959", backed by National Committee of Sciences, performed in the Dept. of Public Health, Chair of Social Medicine, K. Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences, in(More)
A study, aimed at arterial hypertension and coronary heart disease (CHD) prevalence and identification of risk factors concerning cardiovascular diseases among the population of 40-year-old inhabitants of the City and the Province of Poznan, born 1959 (1037 subjects) in the context of selected elements of life-style, was conducted in the Department of(More)