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Lysostaphin and the catalytic domain of LytM cleave pentaglycine crossbridges of Staphylococcus aureus peptidoglycan. The bacteriocin lysostaphin is secreted by Staphylococcus simulans biovar staphylolyticus and directed against the cell walls of competing S. aureus. LytM is produced by S. aureus as a latent autolysin and can be activated in vitro by the(More)
LytM, an autolysin from Staphylococcus aureus, is a Zn(2+)-dependent glycyl-glycine endopeptidase with a characteristic HxH motif that belongs to the lysostaphin-type (MEROPS M23/37) of metallopeptidases. Here, we present the 1.3A crystal structure of LytM, the first structure of a lysostaphin-type peptidase. In the LytM structure, the Zn(2+) is(More)
Specific peptidases exist for nearly every amide linkage in peptidoglycan. In several cases, families of peptidoglycan hydrolases with different specificities turned out to be related. Here we show that lysostaphin-type peptidases and D-Ala-D-Ala metallopeptidases have similar active sites and share a core folding motif in otherwise highly divergent folds.(More)
LAS enzymes are a group of metallopeptidases that share an active site architecture and a core folding motif and have been named according to the group members lysostaphin, D-Ala-D-Ala carboxypeptidase and sonic hedgehog. Escherichia coli MepA is a periplasmic, penicillin-insensitive murein endopeptidase that cleaves the D-alanyl-meso-2,6-diamino-pimelyl(More)
UNLABELLED Staphylococcus simulans biovar staphylolyticus lysostaphin efficiently cleaves Staphylococcus aureus cell walls. The protein is in late clinical trials as a topical anti-staphylococcal agent, and can be used to prevent staphylococcal growth on artificial surfaces. Moreover, the gene has been both stably engineered into and virally delivered to(More)
Photosystem II from transplastomic plants of Nicotiana tabacum with a hexahistidine tag at the N-terminal end of the PsbE subunit (α-chain of the cytochrome b(559)) was purified according to the protocol of Fey et al. (BBA 12:1501-1509, 2008). The protein sample was then subjected to two additional gel filtration runs in order to increase its homogeneity(More)
LytM is a Staphylococcus aureus autolysin and a homologue of the S. simulans lysostaphin. Both enzymes are members of M23 metallopeptidase family (MEROPS) comprising primarily bacterial peptidoglycan hydrolases. LytM occurs naturally in a latent form, but can be activated by cleavage of an inhibitory N-terminal proregion. Here, we present a 1.45 Å crystal(More)
Estrogen Receptor (ER) belongs to a large family of lig-and-regulated transcription factors (nuclear receptors – NR) that are essential in embryonic development, differentiation and maintenance of variety of organs and tissues, metabolism and cell death. ER functions are mediated through balancing actions of its two iso-forms: ERa and ERb, which show(More)
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