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We have demonstrated that the 80 kDa POP Tc80 (prolyl oligopeptidase of Trypanosoma cruzi) is involved in the process of cell invasion, since specific inhibitors block parasite entry into non-phagocytic mammalian host cells. In contrast with other POPs, POP Tc80 is capable of hydrolysing large substrates, such as fibronectin and native collagen. In this(More)
Proteases play important roles in many biological processes of parasites, including their host interactions. In sleeping sickness, Trypanosoma brucei proteases released into the host bloodstream could hydrolyze host factors, such as hormones, contributing to the development of the disease's symptoms. In this study, we present the identification of the T.(More)
BACKGROUND Trypanosoma cruzi has a single flagellum attached to the cell body by a network of specialized cytoskeletal and membranous connections called the flagellum attachment zone. Previously, we isolated a DNA fragment (clone H49) which encodes tandemly arranged repeats of 68 amino acids associated with a high molecular weight cytoskeletal protein. In(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi expresses oligopeptidase B and cathepsin B that have important functions in the interaction with mammalian host cells. In this study, we demonstrated that sera from both chagasic rabbits and humans have specific antibodies to highly purified native oligopeptidase B and cathepsin B. Levels of antibodies to cathepsin B were higher than those(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogens depend on peptidase activities to accomplish many physiological processes, including interaction with their hosts, highlighting parasitic peptidases as potential drug targets. In this study, a major leucyl aminopeptidolytic activity was identified in Trypanosoma cruzi, the aetiological agent of Chagas disease. RESULTS The enzyme was(More)
Oligopeptidase B, a processing enzyme of the prolyl oligopeptidase family, is considered as an important virulence factor in trypanosomiasis. Trypanosoma cruzi oligopeptidase B (OPBTc) is involved in host cell invasion by generating a Ca(2+)-agonist necessary for recruitment and fusion of host lysosomes at the site of parasite attachment. The underlying(More)
Dengue fever is caused by four distinct serotypes of the dengue virus (DENV1-4), and is estimated to affect over 500 million people every year. Presently, there are no vaccines or antiviral treatments for this disease. Among the possible targets to fight dengue fever is the viral NS3 protease (NS3PRO), which is in part responsible for viral processing and(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem, and although multiple studies have addressed the relationship between Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the host on an immunological level, few studies have addressed the impact of host physiological responses. Proteases produced by bacteria have been associated with important alterations in the host(More)
Peptidases are ubiquitous enzymes involved in diverse biological processes. Fragments from bioactive peptides have been found in skin secretions from frogs, and their presence suggests processing by peptidases. Thus, the aim of this work was to characterize the peptidase activity present in the skin secretion of Leptodactylus labyrinthicus. Zymography(More)
It is estimated that several million people are currently infected worldwide by the protozoan parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes Chagas disease. After mammalian host infection, a fundamental event is the differentiation from infective trypomastigotes into replicative amastigotes (amastigogenesis) inside host-cells. To unravel the particularities of(More)