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BACKGROUND Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, has been shown to decrease pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in patients with heart failure. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of sildenafil on clinical status and pulmonary vascular reactivity in patients with congestive heart failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 20 patients(More)
Mediastinitis is a well-known complication of open heart surgery. Abscess as late complication, presenting years after heart surgery, is adegnotical. Transthoracic needle biopsies of lung parenchyma guided by computer tomography are widely accepted. The puncture of periaortic masses is not routinely performed. We report the case of an encapsulated(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, patients over 80 years of age have been a growing group of individuals referred to cardiac surgeons. They pose a serious challenge and usually require a multidisciplinary approach. AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the early and late outcomes of cardiosurgical treatment of patients over 80 years of age suffering from(More)
Cardiac tamponade may be the first or predominant symptom of some pathologies but its etiology is not uncommonly unknown on admission to hospital. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predominant causes of cardiac tamponade in previously healthy patients treated emergently in a single cardiac surgical center. The study involved 81 patients with the(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of rejection is a major objective in the management of heart transplant recipients. It has been reported that one-third of protocol biopsies in asymptomatic, biochemically stable organ transplant recipients in the first 6 months show unsuspected subclinical graft rejection. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 43-year-old man(More)
We present a case of the native valve used to complete closure of a ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva. Aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is rare and a non-coronary artery is affected in only 20% of cases. To close the rupture, we decided to use a non-coronary leaflet in a young patient with moderate aortic stenosis and fibrosis of the leaflets. In(More)
Patients with ascending aortic aneurysm undergoing complex surgical procedures are at increased risk of early postoperative excessive blood loss. The aim of this study was to analyze safety and efficacy of routine transfusions of platelet (PLT) concentrates in reduction of hemorrhagic postoperative complications. The study involved 396 consecutive patients(More)
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