Iwona Pawlikowska

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The presence of Foxp3(+) regulatory CD4(+) T cells in tumor lesions is considered one of the major causes of ineffective immune response in cancer. It is not clear whether intratumoral T(reg) cells represent T(reg) cells pre-existing in healthy mice, or arise from tumor-specific effector CD4(+) T cells and thus representing adaptive T(reg) cells. The(More)
Despite extensive research efforts to characterize peripheral regulatory T (T(reg)) cells expressing transcription factor Foxp3, their subset complexity, phenotypic characteristics, TCR repertoire and Ag specificities remain ambiguous. In this study, we identify and define two subsets of peripheral T(reg) cells differing in Foxp3 expression level and TCR(More)
SUMMARY Several outlier and subgroup identification statistics (OASIS) have been proposed to discover transcriptomic features with outliers or multiple modes in expression that are indicative of distinct biological processes or subgroups. Here, we borrow ideas from the OASIS methods in the bioinformatics and statistics literature to develop the 'most(More)
We derive herein the limiting laws for certain stationary distributions of birth-and-death processes related to the classical model of chemical adsorption-desorption reactions due to Langmuir. The model has been recently considered in the context of a hybridization reaction on an oligonucleotide DNA microarray. Our results imply that the truncated gammaand(More)
Background Cluster analysis is widely used in cancer research to discover molecular subgroups that inform subsequent laboratory investigations and define risk classification criteria for subsequent clinical trials. However, for any data set, there are a very large number of candidate cluster analysis methods (CCAMs) due to the many choices for feature(More)
Background High-dimensional biological data presents the opportunity to discover novel forms of biological heterogeneity, such as overexpression or suppression of expression of a particular gene in a subset of a cohort. This novel biological heterogeneity appears in the data as outliers or distinct subgroups. Here, we describe and evaluate three procedures(More)
A variant of Cauchy mean-value theorem is presented. Applying a counterpart of the Lagrange mean-value theorem, we introduce new type of means. The functions generating the homogeneous means of this type are determined. In some special cases the effective formulas for these means are presented. Mean-value-theorems which do not lead to any mean are also(More)
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