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UNLABELLED Gestational Diabetes (GDM) is characterized by insulin resistance and a pro-inflammatory state, both factors possible related to adipokine expression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The study included 20 women with GDM, diagnosed according to the WHO criteria, and 23 matched for age and BMI women with normal glucose tolerance. Omentin and TSP-1 were… (More)
INTRODUCTION An increasing body of evidence has linked diabetes to inflammation. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase delta (PI3-K delta), a member of the PI3K class IA family, has been implicated in the regulation of inflammation since it is predominantly expressed in leukocytes. To date, no information has been available on the relationship of leukocyte… (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) are suggested to be caused by the same metabolic disorder. Defects in gut hormone-dependent regulation of beta-cell function (entero-insular axis) have been proposed to contribute to the pathogenesis of DM2. The aim of study was to evaluate whether an impaired… (More)
Alcohol is one of the most widespread substances being abused. In recent years the usage of alcohol has increased in most societies. Its abuse concerns also pregnant women. In this article the problem of alcohol consumption during pregnancy is taken up.
INTRODUCTION Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is a ligand-activated transcription factor of the nuclear receptor superfamily that is involved in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism as well as inflammation; thereby it participates in metabolic diseases including diabetes. Although PPARγ expression has been observed in different tissues of… (More)
The increasing substance abuse causes serious medical problems in many countries. The perinatal effects of these substances are of obstetricians' interest. The frequency of drug usage during pregnancy ranges from 0.4% to 27% depending on the population. In Poland there is no data concerning drug usage. The aim of this review is to show the risk which… (More)