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Clinical and experimental data have recently accumulated for antithrombotic action of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-1s). We have shown previously that captopril (which contains a thiol group in the moiety) exerts more pronounced antithrombotic activity than does an equipotent dose of enalapril (the drug devoid of the thiol group). To clarify(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) are the main drugs used in the treatment of essential hypertension and congestive heart failure in adults. Recently, we have demonstrated the antithrombotic effect of captopril (CAP) and enalapril (ENA) in venous thrombosis model in adult rats. One might also suggest the beneficial effect of those drugs on(More)
BACKGROUND Severe anaphylaxis to honeybee or vespid stings is associated with a variety of risk factors, which are poorly defined. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to evaluate the association of baseline serum tryptase concentrations and other variables routinely recorded during patient evaluation with the frequency of past severe anaphylaxis after a field sting. (More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the exhaled nitric oxide (F(ENO)) in clinically stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), its relationship to the severity of the disease, pulmonary function, smoking status, reversibility of airflow limitation, and ICS therapy. The study was conducted in 47 patients with COPD and 40 healthy controls.(More)
It is well established that renin-angiotensin system blockers exert NO/prostacyclin-dependent antithrombotic effects. Because some beneficial effects of these drugs are mediated by angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7), in the present study we examined if their antithrombotic action could be mediated by Ang-(1-7). Intravenous infusion of Ang-(1-7) (1, 10, or 100 pmol/kg(More)
Recent studies suggest that the plasmin system plays an active role in tissue remodeling. Plasmin degrades the extracellular matrix (ECM), either directly removing glycoproteins from ECM or by activating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). PAI-1 blocking MMPs may prevent ECM degradation, but inhibiting fibrinolysis leads to fibrin accumulation and fibrosis.(More)
Animal models of asthma have been used for over 100 years. The accuracy of extrapolations from animal models to human asthmatics is highly dependent on the species of animal selected. The rat, in comparison with other animals, demonstrates many features of airway allergy and allergic asthma that are similar to the human conditions. The following features of(More)
BACKGROUND Severe side effects during venom immunotherapy (VIT) are associated with a variety of risk factors. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to evaluate the association of baseline serum tryptase concentration (BTC) and of other parameters, which are routinely recorded during patient evaluation, with the frequency of severe reactions requiring an emergency(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether AT1-receptor antagonists could inhibit platelet activation-dependent pulmonary thromboembolism in mice and to investigate the involvement of nitric oxide in this action. Losartan, its active metabolite EXP3174, and valsartan given intraperitoneally 1 hour before the thrombotic challenge (in doses of 3, 10, or(More)
In previous studies, we have shown that losartan possesses nitric oxide-dependent antithrombotic properties in various models of hypertension in rats. It was demonstrated that stimulation of AT2-receptors plays an important role in the pharmacological effects of AT1-receptor antagonists. Thus, in this study, we examine the participation of AT2-receptors in(More)