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Protein L27 has been implicated as a constituent of the peptidyl transferase center of the Escherichia coli 50 S ribosomal subunit by a variety of experimental observations. To define better the functional role of this protein, we constructed a strain in which the rpmA gene, which encodes L27, was replaced by a kanamycin resistance marker. The deletion(More)
Maintained at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler, Texas, the tmRNA database (tmRDB) is accessible at the URL http://psyche.uthct.edu/dbs/tmRDB/tmRDB.html with mirror sites located at Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama (http://www.ag.auburn.edu/mirror/tmRDB/) and the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Denmark(More)
UV irradiation of an in vitro translation mixture induced cross-linking of 4-thioU-substituted tmRNA to Escherichia coli ribosomes by forming covalent complexes with ribosomal protein S1 and 16S rRNA. In the absence of S1, tmRNA was unable to bind and label ribosomal components. Mobility assays on native gels demonstrated that protein S1 bound to tmRNA with(More)
When bound to Escherichia coli ribosomes and irradiated with near-UV light, various derivatives of yeast tRNA(Phe) containing 2-azidoadenosine at the 3' terminus form cross-links to 23 S rRNA and 50 S subunit proteins in a site-dependent manner. A and P site-bound tRNAs, whose 3' termini reside in the peptidyl transferase center, label primarily nucleotides(More)
Minimal secondary structures of the bacterial and plastid tmRNAs were derived by comparative analyses of 50 aligned tmRNA sequences. The structures include 12 helices and four pseudoknots and are refinements of earlier versions, but include only those base pairs for which there is comparative evidence. Described are the conserved and variable features of(More)
The structural features of Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S8 that are involved in translational regulation of spc operon expression and, therefore, in its interaction with RNA have been investigated by use of a genetic approach. The rpsH gene, which encodes protein S8, was first inserted into an expression vector under the control of the lac promoter(More)
Bacterial ribosomes stalled by truncated mRNAs are rescued by transfer-messenger RNA (tmRNA), a dual-function molecule that contains a tRNA-like domain (TLD) and an internal open reading frame (ORF). Occupying the empty A site with its TLD, the tmRNA enters the ribosome with the help of elongation factor Tu and a protein factor called small protein B(More)
RNA-protein cross-links were introduced into E. coli 30S ribosomal subunits by reaction with 2-iminothiolane followed by a mild ultraviolet irradiation treatment. After removal of non-reacted protein and partial nuclease digestion of the cross-linked 16S RNA-protein moiety, a number of individual cross-linked complexes could be isolated and the sites of(More)
Binding of the SmpB protein to tmRNA is essential for trans-translation, a process that facilitates peptide tagging of incompletely synthesized proteins. We have used three experimental approaches to study these interactions in vitro. Gel mobility shift assays demonstrated that tmRNA(Delta90-299), a truncated tmRNA derivative lacking pseudoknots 2-4, has(More)
UV irradiation of Escherichia coli tmRNA both on and off the ribosome induced covalent cross-links between its 3'- and its 5'-terminal segments. Cross-linking was unaffected in a molecule that lacked the tag-peptide codon region and pseudoknots 2, 3, and 4. Intact and truncated cross-linked tmRNAs were aminoacylated as efficiently as the respective(More)