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Ketone bodies formed during ketogenic diet or non-treated diabetes mellitus may exert neuroprotective and antiepileptic effects. Here, we assessed the influence of ketone body, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) on the brain synthesis of kynurenic acid (KYNA), an endogenous antagonist of glutamatergic and α7-nicotinic receptors. In brain cortical slices and in primary(More)
We have evaluated the effect of diabetes-mimicking conditions on the inhibition of kynurenic acid (KYNA) production exerted by mitochondrial toxins: 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NPA) and aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA), by endogenous agonists of glutamate receptors: L-glutamate and L-cysteine sulfinate, and by a risk factor of atherosclerosis, D,L-homocysteine.(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) is frequently associated with peripheral and central complications and has recently emerged as a risk factor for cognitive impairment and dementia. Kynurenic acid (KYNA), a unique tryptophan derivative, displays pleiotropic effects including blockade of ionotropic glutamate and α7 nicotinic receptors. Here, the influence of(More)
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