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BACKGROUND The treatment of bone metastasis in association with thyroid cancer represents a difficult challenge. Given the paucity of patients with bone metastasis and the difficulty of treating this disease, few studies have investigated the clinical features and prognostic factors of bone metastasis from differentiated thyroid cancer. METHODS During the(More)
BACKGROUND Currently bisphosphonates are often administered to patients with osteolytic bone metastases from several neoplasms. Based on favorable experience in other cancers with bone metastases and the lack of effective treatment, we started to use zoledronic acid (ZA), a recently developed synthetic bisphosphonate drug, in the treatment of this disease.(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of distant metastases is the most important predictive factor of poor outcomes in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Some patients have very slow-growing distant metastases with relatively favorable outcomes, so predicting prognosis is not easy. Furthermore, many patients with distant metastases show locally advanced(More)
BACKGROUND Papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) of the thyroid generally follows a benign clinical course. However, treatment strategies remain controversial. According to our previous retrospective review of 178 patients with PMC who underwent surgery between 1976 and 1993, the most significant risk factors affecting cancer-specific survival were clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Several factors have been proven to be useful for classifying patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) into either low- or high-risk groups. However, the relative importance of prognostic factors, including lymph nodal metastasis, remains unclear. METHODS A total of 604 patients who underwent initial surgery for PTC (diameter of tumor>1(More)
BACKGROUND Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) accounts for only 1 to 2% of all thyroid carcinomas, but it is one of the most lethal neoplasms in humans. To date, most findings about ATC have been derived from single-institution studies with limited numbers of cohorts. To obtain further insights into this "orphan disease," we have established a multicenter(More)
Although the mortality rate associated with papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) of the thyroid generally is very low, some patients present with bulky nodal metastasis or distant metastasis and have an unfavorable prognosis. We retrospectively reviewed clinical aspects, surgical treatment and outcome of 178 patients with PMC in an attempt to determine the(More)
Although anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies, a few patients survive for a fairly long time after modern intensive treatment. We tried to identify prognostic factors of ATC to assist in deciding on the proper therapeutic strategy in individual patients. Of 47 patients with ATC (1976-1999), 3 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Thyrotropin (TSH) is a known thyroid growth factor. Several studies have suggested its potential role in carcinogenesis and the progression of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. We have been conducting a prospective trial of nonsurgical observation for asymptomatic papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PMC) since 1995. The aim of this study was to(More)
Although most papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PMCs) are of little clinical significance, patients with PMCs occasionally have an unfavorable outcome, especially when they present with bulky nodal metastasis or distant metastasis. We have attempted to identify "high-risk" PMCs by evaluating clinical, pathologic, and immunohistochemical prognostic factors.(More)