Iwao Kurimoto

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Acute, low-dose exposure to UVB light reveals a genetic polymorphism in humans with respect to the ability of irradiated skin to support the induction of contact hypersensitivity (CH) to dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB). In healthy adult caucasians, as well as in humans with deeply pigmented skin, approximately 45% fail to develop CH when DNCB is painted on(More)
PURPOSE To determine, with the use of mice genetically deficient in expression of CD4 or CD8 molecules, which T cells are responsible for rejection of orthotopic corneal allografts in mice. METHODS Corneas were prepared from major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-only incompatible, minor histocompatibility (H)- only incompatible, and MHC-plus-minor H(More)
F4/80, a monoclonal antibody that binds to a surface molecule on mature macrophages and certain dendritic cells, has been used to explore the role of epidermal and dermal cells as antigen-presenting cells (APC) during the induction of contact hypersensitivity (CH) in mice. Systemic administration of the antibody appeared to have little or no physical or(More)
Ultraviolet B (UVB) light impairs the induction of contact hypersensitivity to epicutaneously applied haptens in certain strains of mice by a genetically determined mechanism that depends upon the participation of TNF-alpha. Because the superficial epidermis contains large amounts of trans-urocanic acid (trans-UCA), because exposure to UVB radiation(More)
Because substance p (SP) has been reported to be released from cutaneous sensory nerve endings after hapten application, we determined whether SP participates in contact hypersensitivity (CH) induction by using a SP agonist, GR73632 or delta-Aminovaleryl [Pro9, N-Me-Leu10]-substance P(7-11) and a SP antagonist, spantide I. When injected intradermally, SP(More)
Acute low-dose treatment of murine skin with ultra violet B (UVB) light impairs induction of contact hypersensitivity (CH) to dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) in certain inbred strains of mice (termed UVB-susceptible), but not in others (termed UVB-resistant), and promotes tolerance. These deleterious effects of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) are mediated in part(More)
Liposomes containing the drug dichloromethylene diphosphonate (Cl2MDP) can eliminate phagocytic cells, such as macrophages, when injected in vivo. In this paper we report that Cl2MDP-containing liposomes have been used experimentally to determine the extent to which cutaneous macrophages participate (1) in the induction of contact hypersensitivity (CH) when(More)
Acute, low-dose ultraviolet B radiation (UVR) alters cutaneous immunity at the local site as well as systemically. Within 2-3 days of UVR exposure, recipient mice lose their capacity to develop contact hypersensitivity (CH) when hapten is painted on unexposed skin. This loss correlates temporally with a functional deficit among dendritic antigen-presenting(More)
The capacity of ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation to damage the cutaneous immune system has been extensively documented, and there is good reason to believe that UVB-induced damage is a critical, albeit permissive, factor in the development of sunlight-induced skin cancers. A summary of the evidence shows that acute, low-dose UVB protocols, which resemble(More)
The deleterious effects of ultraviolet B radiation (UVR) on cutaneous immunity are mediated in part by cytokines released from cutaneous cells following radiation exposure. On the one hand, TNF-alpha has been advocated as the primary mediator of failed contact hypersensitivity induction, and, on the other hand, IL-10 has been held responsible for tolerance.(More)