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We studied the use of a subcutaneous ventricular catheter reservoir in 19 preterm infants with birth posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. These infants were a poor risk for insertion of ventriculoperitoneal shunt due to their small size and hemorrhagic ventricular fluid at the time of diagnosis. The age at reservoir insertion was 29 +/- 9 days and the weight was(More)
We observed an increased incidence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in a group of preterm infants. Seventy-five infants (birth weight 1117 +/- 242 gm, gestational age 30 +/- 3 weeks) were tested within 1 week before hospital discharge (37 to 38 weeks postconceptional age). All of the infants had a two-channel pneumocardiogram and a 1-hour esophageal pH(More)
Incidence and time of onset of germinal matrix/intraventricular hemorrhage (GM/IVH) were prospectively ascertained in 1,105 infants weighing < or = 2,000 g at birth, a cohort comprising about 85% of all births of that weight born from September 1984 to June 1987 in the central New Jersey counties of Ocean, Monmouth, and Middlesex. Cranial ultrasonography(More)
A new suction catheter, designed to deliver alternately oxygen or suction, prevented episodes of hypoxia and hyperoxia in a group of infants during endotracheal suctioning. Twenty infants received both conventional endotracheal suctioning and suctioning by the new catheter. The infants had a maximal change from a presuctioning transcutaneous oxygen (PtcO2)(More)
We studied 47 infants with either grade 3 or grade 4 intraventricular hemorrhage, to assess the efficacy of intermittent lumbar punctures in the prevention of post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus in a prospective controlled trial. The control group received supportive care only, whereas the treatment group additionally underwent intermittent spinal taps. The(More)
A controlled trial of the use of intermittent phototherapy for the treatment of hyperbilirubinemia in newborn infants is reported. Periods of illumination of (1) 15 minutes light on, 15 minutes light off, (2) 15 minutes on, 30 minutes off, and (3) 15 minutes on, 60 minutes off are as effective as is continuous illumunation. A comparison with previous trials(More)
The disposition of theophylline in premature infants on the first day of life was studied in nine preterm infants after intravenous administration of the drug. Theophylline concentrations in the blood were measured by means of high-pressure liquid chromatography. Theophylline's apparent volume of distribution (mean +/- SD) was 1.02 +/- 0.13 L/kg, a value(More)
Infants with respiratory distress syndrome are routinely evaluated for infection which commonly includes a lumbar puncture. In this study cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination failed to elicit evidence for meningitis in 238 consecutively admitted infants with respiratory distress syndrome evaluated during the first 24 hours of life. Blood cultures were(More)
We examined the effect of early phenobarbital therapy on the course of jaundice in 57 infants with birth weight below 1,500 g. The study group of 28 infants was treated with a phenobarbital loading dose of 20 mg/kg at 4.2 (3.6) [mean (SD)] hours of age, followed by a maintenance dose of 5 mg/kg/day for one week; 29 infants served as controls. Seventeen(More)
We examined the effects of maternal lidocaine hydrochloride anesthesia on the brain-stem auditory evoked responses (BAERs) in neonates born by cesarean delivery. Sixteen term neonates were enrolled in the study. Eight neonates were delivered by cesarean section following lidocaine anesthesia, and eight were delivered by spontaneous vaginal delivery without(More)