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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promotes the survival of dopaminergic neurons in primary cultures and protects these neurons from the neurotoxic effects of 6-hydroxydopamine. The protective mechanism of BDNF on neurotoxicity was evaluated using CATH.a cells, a clonal catecholaminergic cell line derived from the central nervous system. Dopamine(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase activity was measured in the brain of rats treated chronically with saline or cocaine (10 mg/kg, 2 x day, for 7 days). Tyrosine hydroxylase activity was significantly increased in the ventral tegmental area 1, 6 and 12 weeks after the last treatment with cocaine. The increase in tyrosine hydroxylase activity at 6 weeks after the last(More)
Dopamine produces a time- and dose-dependent increase in cell death in a clonal catecholaminergic cell line (CATH.a) derived from the central nervous system. Cell death also occurred after treatment with the catecholamines L-dihydroxyphenylalanine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and isoproterenol, as well as the neurotoxic compound 6-hydroxydopamine. Cell(More)
Phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), a protein kinase C (PKC) activator, elevated basal cyclic AMP levels and enhanced isoproterenol-, prostaglandin E1- (PGE1), forskolin- and cholera toxin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed human B-lymphocytes. Staurosporine, a PKC inhibitor, significantly antagonized the increase(More)
1. Phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), a protein kinase C activator, elevated cyclic AMP accumulation in EBV-transformed human B-lymphocytes, and potentiated isoproterenol-, prostaglandin- (PGE1), cholera toxin-, and forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation. 2. The dopamine D1 receptor agonist, SKF38393 (10(-7) to 10(-5) MH, had no effect on cyclic(More)
The relative potency of several androgens to induce the male phenotype in sexually undifferentiated genotypic female chinook salmon were compared in two separate experiments. The aromatizable and nonaromatizable androgens testosterone (T) and 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT), and the synthetic aromatizable and nonaromatizable androgens 17(More)
Dopamine can be autoxidized to superoxides and quinones. Superoxides can form hydroxyl radicals that are highly reactive with lipids, proteins and DNA leading to neuronal damage and cell death. We used a clonal catecholaminergic cell line (CATH.a) derived from the central nervous system to evaluate the effects of dopamine on cell death, lipid peroxidation(More)
Brain metabolic abnormalities and aberrant dopamine (DA) metabolism have been reported in patients with schizophrenia. The authors hypothesized that mitochondria is a primary target of damage by increased free radical generation secondary to increased DA metabolism by monoamine oxidase (MAO). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed human B-lymphocytes cell(More)