Ivor Williams

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Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most common chronic blood-bome infection in the United States, the annual incidence of new infections has decreased by more than 80% since 1989 to approximately 36,000 new infections by 1996. The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) revealed that an estimated 3.9 million US(More)
In November 2009, we initiated a multistate investigation of Salmonella Montevideo infections with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern JIXX01.0011. We identified 272 cases in 44 states with illness onset dates ranging from 1 July 2009 to 14 April 2010. To help generate hypotheses, warehouse store membership card information was collected to identify(More)
The 2013 multistate outbreaks contributed to the largest annual number of reported US cases of cyclosporiasis since 1997. In this paper we focus on investigations in Texas. We defined an outbreak-associated case as laboratory-confirmed cyclosporiasis in a person with illness onset between 1 June and 31 August 2013, with no history of international travel in(More)
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) continues to be a disease of major concern for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and livestock industries. Foot and mouth disease virus is a high-consequence pathogen for the United States (USA). Live animal trade is a major risk factor for introduction of FMD into a country. This research estimates the(More)
Ecological monitoring programs are often designed to provide information on the status and/or trends of populations, communities, and ecosystems that are of interest to natural resource managers. The information these programs provide is then used by managers to make management decisions (i.e. increase or decrease extraction levels, allow or restrict(More)
Salmonella is a leading cause of bacterial foodborne illness. We report the collaborative investigative efforts of US and Canadian public health officials during the 2013-2014 international outbreak of multiple Salmonella serotype infections linked to sprouted chia seed powder. The investigation included open-ended interviews of ill persons, traceback,(More)
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