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Progression from G2 to M phase in eukaryotes requires activation of a protein kinase composed of p34cdc2/CDC28 associated with G1-specific cyclins. In some organisms the activation of the kinase at the G2/M boundary is due to dephosphorylation of a highly conserved tyrosine residue at position 15 (Y15) of the cdc2 protein. Here we report that in the budding(More)
The respiratory defect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants assigned to complementation group G4 of a pet strain collection stems from their failure to synthesize cytochrome oxidase. The mutations do not affect expression of either the mitochondrially or nuclearly encoded subunits of the enzyme. The cytochrome oxidase deficiency also does not appear to be(More)
Maturases are required for the processing of their cognate intervening sequences in the mitochondrial cytochrome beta pre-mRNA. In this paper we characterize a nuclear gene, CBP7, already known to be required for the translation of the cytochrome b transcript; we present further evidence that it is also required as a co-factor in conjunction with the(More)
The yeast HO gene is transcribed transiently during G1 as cells undergo START. START-specific HO activation requires two proteins, SWI4 and SWI6, which act via a motif (CACGA4) repeated up to 10 times within the URS2 region of the HO promoter. We identified a DNA-binding activity containing SWI4 and SWI6 that recognizes the CACGA4 sequences within URS2. Two(More)
Regulation of gene expression by transcription factors (TFs) is highly dependent on genetic background and interactions with cofactors. Identifying specific context factors is a major challenge that requires new approaches. Here we show that exploiting natural variation is a potent strategy for probing functional interactions within gene regulatory(More)
The synthesis of cytochrome b in yeast depends on the expression of both mitochondrial and nuclear gene products that act at the level of processing of the pre-mRNA, translation of the mRNA, and maturation of the apoprotein during its assembly with the nuclear-encoded subunits of coenzyme QH2-cytochrome c reductase. Previous studies indicated one of the(More)
Understanding how genomic variation influences phenotypic variation through the molecular networks of the cell is one of the central challenges of biology. Transcriptional regulation has received much attention, but equally important is the posttranscriptional regulation of mRNA stability. Here we applied a systems genetics approach to dissect(More)
Over the past decade, a number of methods have emerged for inferring protein-level transcription factor activities in individual samples based on prior information about the structure of the gene regulatory network. We discuss how this has enabled new methods for dissecting trans-acting mechanisms that underpin genetic variation in gene expression.
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