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BACKGROUND Secondary thrombocytosis is a common clinical feature. In patients with cancer, it is a risk factor for venous thromboembolic events. In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), thrombocytosis is so far considered a marker of active disease and may contribute to the increased thromboembolic risk in this population. Observed effects of iron therapy on(More)
Although epicardial blood flow can be restored by an early intervention in most cases, a lack of adequate reperfusion at the microvascular level is often a limiting prognostic factor of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our group has recently found that paracrine factors secreted from apoptotic peripheral blood mononuclear cells (APOSEC) attenuate the(More)
OBJECTIVE OxLDL represents a central player in atherogenesis and has been shown to activate human blood platelets. In light of the pivotal role of CD40L in inflammation, it was the aim of this work to clarify if platelet-activating effects of oxidized LDL result in surface exposure and liberation of CD40L and to explore the role of platelet scavenger(More)
Padma 28 is a mixture of herbs used in traditional Tibetan medicine with anti-inflammatory activities. We investigated the effects of Padma 28 on nitric oxide (NO) production by the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in lipopolysaccharide stimulated mouse macrophages (RAW 264.7). Padma 28 (0-900 microg/mL) induced a concentration dependent inhibition of(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic renal failure and is associated with the proliferation of macrophages within atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS Because the progression of atherosclerosis as a consequence of decreased nitric oxide synthesis has been described, we investigated the correlation between the(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) and cytomegalovirus immunoglobulins (CMVIg) are currently finding increased acceptance in clinical states of high immune activity and in transplant recipients. A rare side-effect of their application is intravascular thrombosis, which is thought to be related to pre-existing hyperviscosity. In a previous study(More)
Induction therapy with polyclonal antithymocyte-globulin (ATG) is widely used in the prophylaxis and treatment of acute cardiac-allograft rejection. Thrombocytopenia, however, is a major side-effect of ATG therapy and its mechanisms are poorly understood. The influence of ATG on platelet aggregation was studied aggregometrically, expression of platelet(More)
The high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor, scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI), mediates selective cholesteryl ester uptake from lipoproteins into liver and steroidogenic tissues but also cholesterol efflux from macrophages to HDL. Recently, we demonstrated the uptake of HDL particles in SR-BI overexpressing Chinese hamster ovarian cells(More)
High density lipoproteins (HDL) represent a protective factor of central importance that counteracts the development of cardiovascular disease, in part by normalizing platelet (hyper)reactivity. As HDL represent an efficient scavenger of the naturally occurring oxidant hypochlorite, this work was intended to investigate the influence of(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxidative stress and systemic inflammation negatively affect several protective functions of high density lipoproteins (HDL) and oxidative modification of HDL by the inflammation-derived oxidant hypochlorite converts HDL into a potent platelet agonist. Therefore it was the aim of this work to clarify if these platelet-activating effects result(More)