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BACKGROUND Secondary thrombocytosis is a common clinical feature. In patients with cancer, it is a risk factor for venous thromboembolic events. In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), thrombocytosis is so far considered a marker of active disease and may contribute to the increased thromboembolic risk in this population. Observed effects of iron therapy on(More)
Although epicardial blood flow can be restored by an early intervention in most cases, a lack of adequate reperfusion at the microvascular level is often a limiting prognostic factor of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our group has recently found that paracrine factors secreted from apoptotic peripheral blood mononuclear cells (APOSEC) attenuate the(More)
The high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor, scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI), mediates selective cholesteryl ester uptake from lipoproteins into liver and steroidogenic tissues but also cholesterol efflux from macrophages to HDL. Recently, we demonstrated the uptake of HDL particles in SR-BI overexpressing Chinese hamster ovarian cells(More)
OBJECTIVE OxLDL represents a central player in atherogenesis and has been shown to activate human blood platelets. In light of the pivotal role of CD40L in inflammation, it was the aim of this work to clarify if platelet-activating effects of oxidized LDL result in surface exposure and liberation of CD40L and to explore the role of platelet scavenger(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic renal failure and is associated with the proliferation of macrophages within atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS Because the progression of atherosclerosis as a consequence of decreased nitric oxide synthesis has been described, we investigated the correlation between the(More)
We present a method for measuring ascorbic acid in methanol/trichloroacetic acid extracts prepared from human plasma after enzymatic oxidation of ascorbic acid to dehydroascorbic acid by ascorbate oxidase. Samples were assayed by spectrophotometrically monitoring the kinetics of the concentration-dependent absorbance changes of dehydroascorbic acid with(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxidative stress and systemic inflammation negatively affect several protective functions of high density lipoproteins (HDL) and oxidative modification of HDL by the inflammation-derived oxidant hypochlorite converts HDL into a potent platelet agonist. Therefore it was the aim of this work to clarify if these platelet-activating effects result(More)
Cytosolic free calcium ions represent important second-messengers in platelets. Therefore, quantitative measurement of intraplatelet calcium provides a popular and very sensitive tool to evaluate platelet activation and reactivity. Current protocols for determination of intracellular calcium concentrations in platelets have a number of limitations.(More)
OBJECTIVE A growing body of evidence indicates that platelets contribute to the onset and progression of atherosclerosis by modulating immune responses. We aimed to elucidate the effects of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) on platelet-monocyte interactions and the consequences of these interactions on platelet phagocytosis, chemokine release,(More)
BACKGROUND Periodontitis represents a chronic infection of supportive dental tissues by distinct gram-negative bacteria. It is characterized by chronic and local inflammation as well as transient bacteremia with frequently occurring infections at distant sites. OBJECTIVES The present work aimed to clarify the role of platelets and plasma factors in(More)