Ivo Konopásek

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NtHSP18P (HSP18), a cytosolic class I small heat-shock protein from tobacco pollen grains, was expressed in Escherichia coli. The viability of these cells was improved by 50% at 50 degrees C, demonstrating its functionality in vivo. Purified recombinant protein formed 240 kDa HSP18 oligomers, irrespective of temperature. These oligomers interacted with the(More)
Bacillus subtilis, which grows under aerobic conditions, employs fatty acid desaturase (Des) to fluidize its membrane when subjected to temperature downshift. Des requires molecular oxygen for its activity, and its expression is regulated by DesK-DesR, a two-component system. Transcription of des is induced by the temperature downshift and is decreased when(More)
Membrane fluidity adaptation to the low growth temperature in Bacillus subtilis involves two distinct mechanisms: (1) long-term adaptation accomplished by increasing the ratio of anteiso- to iso-branched fatty acids and (2) rapid desaturation of fatty acid chains in existing phospholipids by induction of fatty acid desaturase after cold shock. In this work(More)
The Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA, ACT, or AC-Hly) forms cation-selective membrane channels and delivers into the cytosol of target cells an adenylate cyclase domain (AC) that catalyzes uncontrolled conversion of cellular ATP to cAMP. Both toxin activities were previously shown to depend on post-translational activation of proCyaA to(More)
A temperature shift-down of Bacillus subtilis from 40 to 20 degrees C induces an 80 min growth lag. Benzyl alcohol reduced this period to 51 min, whereas ethanol prolonged it up to 102 min. The effect of the two alcohols on the membrane state was investigated by measuring the steady-state fluorescence anisotropy and analysing the lifetime distribution of(More)
The validity of the concept of homeoviscous adaptation was tested for bacteria Bacillus subtilis. The Bacillus subtilis grown at 20 degrees C (referred to as Bs20) exhibit a considerable increase of branched anteiso-C15, the major fatty acid component of membrane lipids, relative to membranes grown at 40 degrees C (Bs40). The time-resolved fluorescence(More)
The Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA) targets phagocytes expressing the alpha(M)beta2 integrin (CD11b/CD18), permeabilizes their membranes by forming small cation-selective pores, and delivers into cells a calmodulin-activated adenylate cyclase (AC) enzyme that dissipates cytosolic ATP into cAMP. We describe here a third activity of CyaA(More)
Adenylate cyclase toxin (ACT) is secreted by Bordetella pertussis, the bacterium causing whooping cough. ACT is a member of the RTX (repeats in toxin) family of toxins, and like other members in the family, it may bind cell membranes and cause disruption of the permeability barrier, leading to efflux of cell contents. The present paper summarizes studies(More)
The bifunctional Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (ACT) penetrates target cell membranes, forms cation-selective channels and subverts cellular signaling by catalyzing uncontrolled conversion of ATP to cAMP. While primarily targeting phagocytes expressing the alphaMbeta2 integrin (CD11b/CD18), the toxin can also penetrate mammalian erythrocytes(More)
The fluorescence lifetime distribution of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) and 1-[4-(trimethylamino)phenyl]-6-phenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (TMA-DPH) in egg-phosphatidylcholine liposomes was measured in normal and heavy water. The lower dielectric constant (by approximately 12%) of heavy water compared with normal water was employed to provide direct evidence(More)