Ivo Konopásek

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Adenylate cyclase toxin (ACT) is secreted by Bordetella pertussis, the bacterium causing whooping cough. ACT is a member of the RTX (repeats in toxin) family of toxins, and like other members in the family, it may bind cell membranes and cause disruption of the permeability barrier, leading to efflux of cell contents. The present paper summarizes studies(More)
The Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA) targets phagocytes expressing the alpha(M)beta2 integrin (CD11b/CD18), permeabilizes their membranes by forming small cation-selective pores, and delivers into cells a calmodulin-activated adenylate cyclase (AC) enzyme that dissipates cytosolic ATP into cAMP. We describe here a third activity of CyaA(More)
The Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA, ACT, or AC-Hly) forms cation-selective membrane channels and delivers into the cytosol of target cells an adenylate cyclase domain (AC) that catalyzes uncontrolled conversion of cellular ATP to cAMP. Both toxin activities were previously shown to depend on post-translational activation of proCyaA to(More)
Membrane fluidity adaptation to the low growth temperature in Bacillus subtilis involves two distinct mechanisms: (1) long-term adaptation accomplished by increasing the ratio of anteiso- to iso-branched fatty acids and (2) rapid desaturation of fatty acid chains in existing phospholipids by induction of fatty acid desaturase after cold shock. In this work(More)
The Förster energy transfer from tryptophan residues of membrane proteins to nystatin was measured in reconstituted yeast plasma membrane vesicles free of, or doped with, ergosterol. We wanted to elucidate whether the functional change of membrane transport proteins from H+ symporters to facilitators, observed in ergosterol-containing plasma membrane(More)
NtHSP18P (HSP18), a cytosolic class I small heat-shock protein from tobacco pollen grains, was expressed in Escherichia coli. The viability of these cells was improved by 50% at 50 degrees C, demonstrating its functionality in vivo. Purified recombinant protein formed 240 kDa HSP18 oligomers, irrespective of temperature. These oligomers interacted with the(More)
Fluorescence measurements of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) in large unilamellar phospholipid vesicles were performed to characterize the influence of the membrane physical properties on the short-lived lifetime component of the fluorescence decay. We have found that the short-lived component of DPH significantly shortens when the membrane undergoes a(More)
Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA) penetrates the cytoplasmic membrane of phagocytes and employs two distinct conformers to exert its multiple activities. One conformer forms cation-selective pores that permeabilize phagocyte membrane for efflux of cytosolic potassium. The other conformer conducts extracellular calcium ions across(More)
In this study, the influence of the size and surface termination of diamond nanoparticles (DNPs) on their antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis was assessed. The average size and distribution of DNPs were determined by dynamic light scattering and X-ray diffraction techniques. The chemical composition of the DNPs studied by(More)
A temperature shift-down of Bacillus subtilis from 40 to 20 degrees C induces an 80 min growth lag. Benzyl alcohol reduced this period to 51 min, whereas ethanol prolonged it up to 102 min. The effect of the two alcohols on the membrane state was investigated by measuring the steady-state fluorescence anisotropy and analysing the lifetime distribution of(More)