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Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing transgenic mice were produced containing a 3.6-kilobase (kb; pOBCol3.6GFPtpz) and a 2.3-kb (pOBCol2.3GFPemd) rat type I collagen (Col1a1) promoter fragment. The 3.6-kb promoter directed strong expression of GFP messenger RNA (mRNA) to bone and isolated tail tendon and lower expression in nonosseous tissues. The(More)
Contractile myoepithelial cells dominate the basal layer of the mammary epithelium and are considered to be differentiated cells. However, we observe that up to 54% of single basal cells can form colonies when seeded into adherent culture in the presence of agents that disrupt actin-myosin interactions, and on average, 65% of the single-cell-derived basal(More)
Osteocytes are the most abundant cells in bone yet are the most challenging to study because they are embedded in a mineralized matrix. We generated a clonal cell line called IDG-SW3 (for Immortomouse/Dmp1-GFP-SW3) from long-bone chips from mice carrying a Dmp1 promoter driving GFP crossed with the Immortomouse, which expresses a thermolabile SV40 large T(More)
Dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is highly expressed in osteocytes and is mechanically responsive. To study osteocyte-specific and mechanically regulated DMP1 gene expression, the transcriptional activity of three cis-regulatory regions was first examined in an osteoblast differentiation model in vitro using a green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter.(More)
This work examines the cellular pathophysiology associated with the weakened bone matrix found in a murine model of osteogenesis imperfecta murine (oim). Histomorphometric analysis of oim/oim bone showed significantly diminished bone mass, and the osteoblast and osteoclast histomorphometric parameters were increased in the oim/oim mice, compared with(More)
Our laboratory and others have shown that overexpression of Dlx5 stimulates osteoblast differentiation. Dlx5(-/-)/Dlx6(-/-) mice have more severe craniofacial and limb defects than Dlx5(-/-), some of which are potentially due to defects in osteoblast maturation. We wished to investigate the degree to which other Dlx genes compensate for the lack of Dlx5,(More)
The modular organization of the type I collagen promoter allows creation of promoter-reporter constructs with preferential activity in different type I collagen-producing tissues that might be useful to mark cells at different stages of osteoblastic differentiation. Primary marrow stromal cell (MSC) and mouse calvarial osteoblast (mCOB) cultures were(More)
The osteocalcin (OC) and a 2.3 kb fragment of the collagen promoter (Col2.3) have been used to restrict transgenic expression of a variety of proteins to bone. Transgenic mice carrying a green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene driven by each promoter were generated. Strong GFP expression was detected in OC-GFP mice in a few osteoblastic cells lining the(More)
Osteonectin, also known as SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine) or BM-40, is one of the most abundant noncollagenous proteins in bone. Analysis of osteonectin-null mice revealed that osteonectin is necessary for the maintenance of bone mass and normal remodeling, as osteonectin-null mice have decreased osteoblast number and bone formation(More)
This study addressed the role of impairment of osteoblastic differentiation as a mechanism underlying pathophysiology of the osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). We hypothesized that combination of impaired osteogenic differentiation with increased bone resorption leads to diminished bone mass. By introducing visual markers of distinct stages of osteoblast(More)