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Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing transgenic mice were produced containing a 3.6-kilobase (kb; pOBCol3.6GFPtpz) and a 2.3-kb (pOBCol2.3GFPemd) rat type I collagen (Col1a1) promoter fragment. The 3.6-kb promoter directed strong expression of GFP messenger RNA (mRNA) to bone and isolated tail tendon and lower expression in nonosseous tissues. The(More)
Contractile myoepithelial cells dominate the basal layer of the mammary epithelium and are considered to be differentiated cells. However, we observe that up to 54% of single basal cells can form colonies when seeded into adherent culture in the presence of agents that disrupt actin-myosin interactions, and on average, 65% of the single-cell-derived basal(More)
Osteonectin, also known as SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine) or BM-40, is one of the most abundant noncollagenous proteins in bone. Analysis of osteonectin-null mice revealed that osteonectin is necessary for the maintenance of bone mass and normal remodeling, as osteonectin-null mice have decreased osteoblast number and bone formation(More)
The modular organization of the type I collagen promoter allows creation of promoter-reporter constructs with preferential activity in different type I collagen-producing tissues that might be useful to mark cells at different stages of osteoblastic differentiation. Primary marrow stromal cell (MSC) and mouse calvarial osteoblast (mCOB) cultures were(More)
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), or brittle bone disease, is a heritable disorder characterized by increased bone fragility. Four different types of the disease are commonly distinguished, ranging from a mild condition (type I) to a lethal one (type II). Types III and IV are the severe forms surviving the neonatal period. In most cases, there is a reduction in(More)
Osteocytes are the most abundant cells in bone yet are the most challenging to study because they are embedded in a mineralized matrix. We generated a clonal cell line called IDG-SW3 (for Immortomouse/Dmp1-GFP-SW3) from long-bone chips from mice carrying a Dmp1 promoter driving GFP crossed with the Immortomouse, which expresses a thermolabile SV40 large T(More)
Our laboratory and others have shown that overexpression of Dlx5 stimulates osteoblast differentiation. Dlx5(-/-)/Dlx6(-/-) mice have more severe craniofacial and limb defects than Dlx5(-/-), some of which are potentially due to defects in osteoblast maturation. We wished to investigate the degree to which other Dlx genes compensate for the lack of Dlx5,(More)
The osteocalcin (OC) and a 2.3 kb fragment of the collagen promoter (Col2.3) have been used to restrict transgenic expression of a variety of proteins to bone. Transgenic mice carrying a green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene driven by each promoter were generated. Strong GFP expression was detected in OC-GFP mice in a few osteoblastic cells lining the(More)
Identification of a reliable marker of skeletal precursor cells within calcified and soft tissues remains a major challenge for the field. To address this, we used a transgenic model in which osteoblasts can be eliminated by pharmacological treatment. Following osteoblast ablation a dramatic increase in a population of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA)(More)
This work examines the cellular pathophysiology associated with the weakened bone matrix found in a murine model of osteogenesis imperfecta murine (oim). Histomorphometric analysis of oim/oim bone showed significantly diminished bone mass, and the osteoblast and osteoclast histomorphometric parameters were increased in the oim/oim mice, compared with(More)