Ivo Che Ditah

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OBJECTIVES:Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) is a major cause of morbidity and increasing health-care costs among hospitalized patients. Although exposure to antibiotics remains the most documented risk factor for CDAD, attention has recently been directed toward a plausible link with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). However, the results of(More)
UNLABELLED Analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Evaluation Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 dataset found a relatively high seroprevalence (21%) of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in the U.S. general population. Using data obtained within the NHANES 2009-2010 survey, where a high performance assay for HEV was used, we estimated the weighted(More)
BACKGROUND In 1998, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) published recommendations standardising the evaluation of tuberculosis treatment outcome in Europe. These guidelines fail to account for clinically appropriate alterations in the management of patients. OBJECTIVES To evaluate(More)
UNLABELLED The rise in incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the United States has been well documented. The purpose of this analysis was to examine temporal trends in HCC incidence, mortality, and survival within the U.S. population. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data were used to examine incidence and incidence-based (IB)(More)
OBJECTIVES:Data on the incidence and natural history of diverticulitis are largely hospital-based and exclude the majority of diverticulitis patients, who are treated in an outpatient setting for uncomplicated diverticulitis. We assessed temporal trends in the epidemiology of diverticulitis in the general population.METHODS:Through the Rochester(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In light of the dramatically changing hepatitis C therapeutic landscape, knowledge of the current burden of HCV infection in the general population of the United States is critical. METHODS The National Health and Nutrition Examination survey collects nationally representative data on HCV infection in the civilian population of the(More)
BACKGROUND Since 2002, priority Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) exception status has been given to patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who meet the Milan criteria. Since then, the number of liver transplantations performed in patients with HCC has increased, but to the authors' knowledge, few studies to date have examined the effect of(More)
AIM To assess the effectiveness of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPSS) in refractory hepatic hydrothorax (RHH) in a systematic review and cumulative meta-analysis. METHODS A comprehensive literature search was conducted on MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed covering the period from January 1970 to August 2014. Two authors independently(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging data suggest that the fibrolamellar variant of hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC) differs in clinical course and prognosis from conventional (nonfibrolamellar) HCC (NFL-HCC). Although FL-HCC is believed to have a better prognosis than NFL-HCC, data comparing the prognoses of the two types of HCC remain lacking. The aim of this systematic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Patients with HIV-hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection progress towards liver fibrosis and cirrhosis more rapidly compared with HCV mono-infected individuals. This necessitates an accurate assessment of liver stiffness with transient elastography to guide treatment. METHODS Searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane(More)