Ivo Casagranda

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UNLABELLED The purpose of this document is to develop recommendations on the use of the latest generation of cardiac troponins in emergency room settings for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) without persistent ST-segment elevation (NSTE-ACS). The main points which have been addressed reaching a(More)
D-dimer testing is currently considered a cornerstone in the diagnostic approach of patients with suspected venous thromboembolism (VTE) across different health-care settings, including the emergency department (ED). Nevertheless, inappropriate or incorrect activities developing throughout the total testing process may substantially impair the clinical(More)
AIMS Although an organizational model for syncope management facilities was proposed in the 2004 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), its implementation in clinical practice and its effectiveness are largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS This prospective study enrolled 941 consecutive patients referred to the Syncope Units of nine(More)
AIM An implantable loop recorder (ILR) is indicated in patients with unexplained syncope after complete conventional work-up. Data from the literature imply that, in clinical practice, the ILR is underused. The aim of the study was to verify if there is any discrepancy between the use of ILRs in clinical practice and the potential indications based on the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES There is limited evidence to guide the emergency department (ED) evaluation and management of syncope. The First International Workshop on Syncope Risk Stratification in the Emergency Department identified key research questions and methodological standards essential to advancing the science of ED-based syncope research. METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVES Few data on the incidence, aetiology, clinical features and management of patients with acute allergic reactions presenting to the Emergency Department are currently available. The aim of the study was to report the annual experience of a single Italian adult Emergency Department about anaphylaxis. PATIENTS AND METHODS This is a retrospective,(More)
Acute diarrhea is a very common symptom, which may recognize different causes and is basically the expression of an altered homeostasis of the bowel, which overcame current classifications. When approaching patients with acute diarrhea, we should firstly check body temperature and vital parameters and secondly provide a general medical examination mainly(More)
Point-of-care testing (POCT) is increasingly used in the Emergency Department (ED) by emergency physicians. They often need to have test results readily available in order to make prompt diagnosis, define risk stratification and establish early therapy or make changes to therapy. The use of POCT is important in patients who present to the ED with symptoms,(More)
To investigate the role of suPAR in patients with sepsis admitted to the Emergency Department (ED). We performed multicentre prospective trial including patients admitted to the ED of three different Italian hospitals. Patients were studied upon admission on day 1, 2, 4 and 7. They were subdivided into two groups: sepsis (group 1) and severe sepsis or(More)
We report the results of a phase III trial in which we compared 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) to 5-FU and folinic acid (FA) in 150 previously untreated metastatic colon cancer patients. Patients were randomized in the ratio of 1:2 to receive 5-FU (370 mg/m2, i.v., for 5 days) in arm A or equidose 5-FU plus FA (200 mg/m2, i.v., for 5 days) for arm B, each cycle(More)