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Migratory monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) use a time-compensated sun compass to navigate to their overwintering grounds in Mexico. Although polarized light is one of the celestial cues used for orientation, the spectral content (color) of that light has not been fully explored. We cloned the cDNAs of three visual pigment-encoding opsins (ultraviolet(More)
The circadian clock plays a vital role in monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) migration by providing the timing component of time-compensated sun compass orientation, a process that is important for successful navigation. We therefore evaluated the monarch clockwork by focusing on the functions of a Drosophila-like cryptochrome (cry), designated cry1, and(More)
We examined Period (PER) protein regulation in the brain of the silkmoth Antheraea pernyi. PER expression is restricted to the cytoplasm and axons of eight neurons, with no evidence of temporal movement into the nucleus. These neurons appear to be circadian clock cells, because PER and per mRNA are colocalized and their levels oscillate in these cells,(More)
Investigations performed on adult insects revealed that putative components of the central pacemaker, the protein Period (PER) and the pigment-dispersing hormone (PDH), are immunocytochemically detectable in discrete sets of brain neurons throughout the class of Insecta, represented by a bristletail, mayfly, damselfly, 2 locust species, stonefly, 2 bug(More)
Photoperiodic signal stimulates induction of larval diapause in Chymomyza costata. Larvae of NPD strain (npd-mutants) do not respond to photoperiod. Our previous results indicated that the locus npd could code for the timeless gene and its product might represent a molecular link between circadian and photoperiodic clock systems. Here we present results of(More)
Ticks are among the most important vectors of a wide range of human and animal diseases. During blood feeding, ticks are exposed to an enormous amount of free iron that must be appropriately used and detoxified. However, the mechanism of iron metabolism in ticks is poorly understood. Here, we show that ticks possess a complex system that efficiently(More)
Material detectable with antisera to the pigment-dispersing hormone (PDH) is regarded as a component of the circadian clock residing in some insects in the optic lobe. This paper demonstrates that the position of the PDH-positive neurones and the course of their processes are similar in all representatives of the insect cohort Polyneoptera. A basic(More)
The circadian mechanism appears remarkably conserved between Drosophila and mammals, with basic underlying negative and positive feedback loops, cycling gene products, and temporally regulated nuclear transport involving a few key proteins. One of these negative regulators is PERIOD, which in Drosophila shows very similar temporal and spatial regulation to(More)
Rhythmicity of the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), a site of the circadian pacemaker, is affected by daylength; that is, by the photoperiod. Whereas various markers of rhythmicity have been followed, so far there have been no studies on the effect of the photoperiod on the expression of the clock genes in the rat SCN. To fill the gap and to better(More)
We examined the molecular basis of the circadian control of egg hatching behavior in the silkmoth Antheraea pernyi. Egg hatching is rhythmically gated, persists under constant darkness, and can be entrained by light by midembryogenesis. The time of appearance of photic entrainment by the silkmoth embryo coincides with the appearance of Period (PER) and(More)