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The cytological organization and the timetable of emergence and dissolution of the transient subplate zone subjacent to the developing visual and somatosensory cortex were studied in a series of human and monkey fetal brains. Cerebral walls processed with Nissl, Golgi, electron-microscopic, and histochemical methods show that this zone consists of migratory(More)
The major mechanism for generating diversity of neuronal connections beyond their genetic determination is the activity-dependent stabilization and selective elimination of the initially overproduced synapses [Changeux JP, Danchin A (1976) Nature 264:705-712]. The largest number of supranumerary synapses has been recorded in the cerebral cortex of human and(More)
In order to observe changes owing to aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the volumes of subdivisions of the hippocampus and the number of neurons of the hippocampal formation, 18 normal brains from subjects who died of nonneurological causes and had no history of long-term illness or dementia (ten of these brains comprised the aged control group) and 13(More)
The developing human cerebrum displays age-specific changes in its patterns of lamination. Among these, the subplate zone is the most prominent transient compartment because growing major afferent systems temporarily reside in this zone, establish synapses and take part in cellular interactions that are crucial for subsequent cortical development. We(More)
The postnatal development and lifespan alterations in basal dendrites of large layer IIIC and layer V pyramidal neurons were quantitatively studied. Both classes of neurons were characterized by rapid dendritic growth during the first postnatal months. At birth, layer V pyramidal neurons had larger and more complex dendritic trees than those of layer IIIC;(More)
The fine structure, synaptic relationships, distribution and time of origin of interstitial neurons situated within the white matter subjacent to the visual, somatosensory and motor cortices were studied in the human and monkey telencephalon. The analysis was carried out on Nissl-stained serial sections, rapid Golgi impregnations, by acetylcholinesterase(More)
We have correlated data on neuroanatomical organization and magnetic resonance imaging of transient fetal zones shown to contain connectivity elements (growing axons, synapses, dendrites). In the fetal phase, afferent fibres 'wait' within the subplate zone which is the most prominent lamina on histological and magnetic resonance images and is a substrate of(More)
Golgi-Stensaas and rapid-Golgi staining techniques are used to study neuronal differentiation in the developing human prefrontal cortex in fetuses, premature infants, and full-term newborns from 10.5 to 40 weeks of gestation. Horizontal neurons (Cajal-Retzius neurons) above the cortical plate (in the marginal zone) and randomly oriented neurons below the(More)
Periventricular pathway (PVP) system of the developing human cerebrum is situated medial to the intermediate zone in the close proximity to proliferative cell compartments. In order to elucidate chemical properties and developing trajectories of the PVP we used DTI in combination with acetylcholinesterase histochemistry, SNAP-25 immunocytochemistry and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Periventricular white matter (WM) areas are widely recognized as predilection sites for complex cellular damage after ischemia/reperfusion or inflammatory injury of the perinatal cerebrum. We analyzed histochemical and MR imaging properties of fiber architectonics and extracellular matrix (ECM) of periventricular areas to disclose the(More)