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A quantitative magnetization transfer imaging (qMTI) study, based on a two-pool model of magnetization transfer, was performed on seven normal subjects to determine, on a regional basis, normal values for the pool sizes, exchange, and relaxation parameters that characterize the MT phenomenon. Regions were identified on high-resolution anatomical scans using(More)
OBJECTIVE To validate the use of the magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) as a practical imaging marker of demyelination and remyelination in acute multiple sclerosis lesions. DESIGN Case study. SETTING University hospital multiple sclerosis clinic. Patients Six patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and acute gadolinium-enhancing lesions(More)
PURPOSE To accelerate MR parameter mapping using a locally low rank (LLR) constraint, and the combination of parallel imaging and the LLR constraint. THEORY AND METHODS An LLR method is developed for MR parameter mapping and compared with a globally low rank method in a multiecho spin-echo T2 mapping experiment. For acquisition with coil arrays, a(More)
With ageing the immune system is deregulated and this leads to the development of immunosenescence mainly affecting the adaptive immune response. There is much knowledge accumulated concerning various receptor functions and signalling with ageing such as TCR, FcRs, TLRs. Cytokines are playing a major role in haematopoietic cell functions and in the(More)
PURPOSE There are many T1 mapping methods available, each of them validated in phantoms and reporting excellent agreement with literature. However, values in literature vary greatly, with T1 in white matter ranging from 690 to 1100 ms at 3 Tesla. This brings into question the accuracy of one of the most fundamental measurements in quantitative MRI. Our goal(More)
Quantitative magnetization transfer imaging provides in vivo estimates of liquid and semisolid constituents of tissue, while estimates of the liquid subpopulations, including myelin water, can be obtained from multicomponent T(2) analysis. Both methods have been suggested to provide improved myelin specificity compared to conventional MRI. The goal of this(More)
Quantitative magnetization-transfer imaging methods provide in vivo estimates of parameters of the two-pool model for magnetization-transfer in tissue. The goal of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility of quantitative magnetization-transfer imaging parameter estimates in healthy subjects. Magnetization-transfer-weighted and T(1) relaxometry data(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance relaxation and magnetization transfer in cerebral white matter can be described using a four-pool model: two for water protons (in separate myelin and intra/extracellular compartments) and two for protons associated with the lipids and proteins of biologic membranes (of myelin and nonmyelin semisolids). This model was used to gain(More)
Multiexponential T2 relaxation time measurement in the central nervous system shows a component that originates from water trapped between the lipid bilayers of myelin. This myelin water component is of significant interest as it provides a myelin-specific MRI signal of value in assessing myelin changes in cerebral white matter in vivo. In this article, the(More)
Novel MR image acquisition strategies have been investigated to elicit contrast within the thalamus, but direct visualization of individual thalamic nuclei remains a challenge because of their small size and the low intrinsic contrast between adjacent nuclei. We present a step-by-step specific optimization of the 3D MPRAGE pulse sequence at 7T to visualize(More)